Using sanitizing products at home

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Using sanitizing products at home

What are the various types of sanitizing products? How do you use them safely? Check the label and use this table to better clean and sanitize your home.


Trade Name



Contact Time



According to label, mix well.



Alcohol, ethanol, isopropyl



Sold as ready to use (RTU) in 70-95% solutions

Flammable, evaporates quickly, may need to re-apply

10 min for pots, surfaces. Tools dip for 15 sec



Disinfectants such as Lysol, containing O-benzyl-p-chlorophenol

According to label, mix well 


Eye/skin irritant, wear gloves and eye protection

10 min for pots, surfaces. Tools dip 15 sec

Peroxides, peroxyacetic acid and hydrogen dioxide


Zerotol, Oxidate, Sanidate

According to label, mix well 


Corrosive, eye/skin irritant. Store in cool location

1 to 10 min for surfaces

Quaternary Ammonium


Greenshield, Virex, Physan, Triathlon, KleenGrow

According to label, mix well 


Low odor, low irritation. Prepare fresh solution before use

10 min for non-porous surfaces. Must remain wet

Sodium hypochlorite, calcium hypochlorite


Clorox, Commercial Bleach (most are 8.25%)

If working with 5.25% stock, dilute 1:9 for 10% working soln. If 8.25% stock, dilute 1:14

Corrosive, eye/skin irritant. Inactivated by light. Prepare fresh and store in opaque container


10-15 min for pots, surfaces. Tools dip 15 sec, wipe dry

Copper quinolinolate;


Oxine copper


According to label, mix well 


Good on porous surfaces, wood

10 min, allow to dry

Trisodium phosphate



According to label, mix well 




5 min on surfaces and pots, may leave residue




Adapted by Nancy Gregory from K. Ivors and M. Munster, Dept. of Plant Pathology, North Carolina State University. Reference to trade names is for information only and not an endorsement. It is the policy of the Delaware Cooperative Extension System that no person shall be subjected to discrimination on the grounds of race, color, sex, disability, age, or national origin.