Fact Sheets And Publications

Read our latest accomplishments!
Browse available resources.
Submit a sample today.
Analyses to help manage your land.
Chat with a DE Master Gardener.
You have questions. We have answers!
Contact UD Extension staff.
Protect your family, friends and community.

Native Plants for Delaware Landscapes

The cover of Native Plants for Delaware Landscapes
Download a PDF version of Native Plants for Delaware Landscapes >

What is a native plant?

Native plants are indigenous to a particular region and provide an essential foundation to support wildlife habitats for native insects and birds. Well-adapted to the local habitat, native plants grow using less water and fewer pesticide applications growing with minimum maintenance. Planting native species in your landscape protects their species, preserving them and the wildlife that depends on them, creating a healthier ecosystem.

Why landscape with native plants?

Since native plants are indigenous in an area, they are well-adapted to the habitat and will grow using less water and fewer pesticide applications. When used in a landscape environment similar to their native habitat, these plants will grow with minimum maintenance. Planting native species in your landscape protects them from extinction and preserves them for all to appreciate.

 

OAK TREES

Example Foliage of Species Native to Delaware

bur oak leaf
Bur Oak
pin oak leaf
Pin Oak
northern red oak leaf
Northern Red Oak
willow oak leaf
Willow Oak
scarlet oak leaf
Scarlet Oak
white oak leaf
White Oak

Trees

Names

Fall Color

Major Feature

20 - 40’ Tall   * particularly showy  
Persimmon Diospyros virginiana Yellow Fruit
Hophornbeam Ostrya virginiana Golden Bark
Ironwood Carpinus caroliniana Golden Bark
Sassafrass Sassafras albidum *Orange/red Fall color
40 - 60’ Tall      
Red Maple Acer rubrum *Red/orange Bark
Sweet Birch Betula lenta Yellow Bark
River Birch Betula nigra Golden Bark
Scarlet Oak Quercus coccinea *Red Fall color
Pin Oak Quercus palustris *Red/bronze Shade tree
Willow Oak Quercus phellos Golden brown Shade tree
Red Oak Quercus rubra Red brown Shade tree
Sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua *Red/orange Fall color
Bitternut Carya codiformis Golden Wildlife
Pignut Carya glabra Golden Wildlife
Yellowwood Cladrastis kentukea Yellow Flowers
Honeylocust Gledistis triacanthos Yellow Light shade
Kentucky Coffee Tree Gymnocladus dioicus   Light shade
Black Locust Robinia pseudoacacia   Flowers
White Ash Fraxinus americana *Maroon/purple Fall color
Green Ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica Yellow Wet soil
Bald Cypress Taxodium distichum Golden brown Wet soil
Greater than 60’      
Tuliptree Liriodendron tulipifera Golden Flowers
Sycamore Platanus occidentalis   Bark
Basswood Tilia americana Yellow Shade tree
Bur Oak Quercus macrocarpa   Shade tree
White Oak Quercus alba Purple/maroon Shade tree
Sugar Maple Acer saccharum *Yellow/orange Fall color
American Beech Fagus grandifolia Golden Bark
sweet gum leaf
Sweet Gum
persimmon leaf
Persimmon
sycamore leaf
Sycamore
yellowwood leaf and flower
Yellowwood
tuliptree leaf and flower
Tuliptree
bald cypress drawing
Bald Cypress
black locust leaf and flowers
Black Locust

Shrubs

Names

Fall Color

Fruit Color

Less than 10'   *particularly showy  
Bottlebrush Buckeye Aesculus parviflora *White  
Chokecherry Aronia arbutifolia *White *Red
Beautyberry Callicarpa americana Purple *Purple
Pinxternbloom Azalea Rhododendron periclymenoides Pink  
Coast Azalea Rhododendron atlanticum White  
Sweetshrub Calycanthus floridus Red  
Cinnamon Clertha Clertha acuminata *White  
Summersweet Clertha Clertha alnifolia *White  
Redtwig Dogwood Cornus sericea White White
Oakleaf Hydrangea Hydrangea quercifolia *White  
Virginia Sweetspire Itea virginica *White  
Bayberry Myrica pensylvanica   *Gray
Mapleleaf Viburnum Viburnum acerifolium *White Black
Arrowwood Viburnum Viburnum dentatum *White Black
Smooth Viburnum Viburnum nudum *White Red
10 - 20’      
Red Buckeye Aesculus pavia *Red  
Shadowblow Amelanchier canadensis *White Purple
Redbud Cercis canadensis *Pink  
Fringetree Chionanthus virginicus *White Purple
Silky Dogwood Cornus amomum *White Blue
Strawberry-bush Euonymus americanus   *Red
Witchhazel Hamamelis virginiana *Yellow  
Winterberry Ilex verticillata   *Red
Spicebush Lindera benzoin Yellow *Red
Silky Stewartia Stewartia malachodendron *White  
Piedmont Azalea Rhododendron canescens Pink  
Nannyberry Viburnum Viburnum lentago *White Black
Blackhaw Viburnum Viburnum prunifloium *White Pink/black
20 - 30’      
Downy Serviceberry Amelanchier arborea *White Purple
Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia *White Purple
Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida *White Red
Franklin Tree Franklinia alatamaha *White  
Silverbells Halesia tetraptera *White  
Bigleaf Magnolia Magnolia macrophylla White Red
Umbrella Magnolia Magnolia tripetala White Red
Sweetbay Magnolia viginiana *White Red
American Snowbell Styrax americanus *White  
drawing of fringetree leaves
Fringetree
drawing of a flowering dogwood leaf
Flowering Dogwood
drawing of red buckeye leaves
Red Buckeye
Drawing of a spicebush leaf
Spicebush
drawing of downy serviceberry
Downy Serviceberry
drawing of arrowwood viburnum leaves
Arrowwood Viburnum

Evergreen Trees

Names

Fall Color

Major Feature

20 - 40’ Tall   * particularly showy  
Virginia Pine Pinus virginiana   Poor soil
Eastern Redcedar Juniperus virginiana Blue/gray Poor soil
Eastern Arborvitae Thuja occidentalis   Moist soil
American Holly Ilex opaca *Red Fruit
40 - 60’ Tall      
Canadian Hemlock Tsuga canadensis   Shade tolerant
Atlantic Whitecedar Chamaecyparis thyoides   Wet soil
Southern Magnolia Magnolia grandiflora Red  
Greater than 60’      
White Pine Pinus strobus   Form

Evergreen Shrubs

Names

Fall Color

Fruit Color

Less than 10’   * particularly showy  
Inkberry Ilex glabra   Black
Creeping Juniper Juniperus horizontalis    
Mountain Laurel Kalmia latifolia *White/pink  
Drooping Leucothoe Leucothoe fontanesiana White  
Piedmont Rhodendron Rhododendron minus *Pink  
Mountain Pieris Pieris floribunda White  
drawing of a white pine leaf and pinecone
White Pine
drawing of american holly leaves
American Holly
Drawing of eastern redcedar leaves
Eastern Redcedar

UD Cooperative Extension

This institution is an equal opportunity provider.

In accordance with Federal law and U.S. Department of Agriculture policy, Cooperative Extension is prohibited from discriminating on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age, or disability.