Who can detect
the cause and effect?
Delaware Social Studies Education Project
This lesson offers a simple strategy that can be used with any
historical topic to develop and assess the skills embedded within
history benchmark 1 at the grade 4-5 cluster.
Targeted Audience: Grades 4-5
Time to Complete: approximately 15 minutes.
Benchmark Addressed: History 1 [Chronology]
- Students will study historical events and persons within
a given time frame in order to create a chronology and identify
related cause-effect factors.
- After completing a unit, provide students with a list of
dates and events related to the unit topic. Present them to
the students out of chronological order and be sure to include
events that have causal relationships. For example, events
from a unit on the Civil War might include
-Lincoln elected President
-Lee surrenders at Appomattox
-John Brown's Raid
-South Carolina secedes
-Uncle Tom's Cabin published
-Battle of Antietam
-Confederate States of American formed
- Ask students to take the events and place them in chronological
order (create a timeline).
- After the students have completed their timelines ask them
to circle any two events on the timeline that have a causal
relationship, identify which is the cause and which is the
effect, and explain how one event caused the other event to