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Delaware Social Studies End of
Cluster Expectations
Grades 4-5

Grades K-3 | Grades 4-5 | Grades 6-8 | Grades 9-12

Civics Benchmarks
Economics Benchmarks
Geography Benchmarks
History Benchmarks


Understand that governments have a variety of structures and exist for many purposes and that in America these are explained in the United States and State constitutions.

Understand that the United States government is divided into executive, legislative, and judicial branches, each with specific responsibilities and powers.



Understand that prices in a market economy are determined by the interaction of supply and demand, with governments intervening to deal with market failures.

Understand that consumers and producers make economic choices based on supply, demand, access to markets, and the actions of the government.


Demonstrate development of mental maps of Delaware and of the United States which include the relative location and characteristics of major physical features, political divisions,  and human settlements.


Study historical events and persons within a given time frame in order to create a chronology and identify related cause-effect factors.



Understand the principle of due process means that the government must follow its own rules when taking actions against a citizen.

Understand that a society based  on the ideal of individual liberty requires a commitment on the part of its citizens to the principles of civic responsibility and personal civility.



Understand the role of banks and other financial institutions in the economy.


Apply a knowledge of topography, climate, soils, and vegetation of Delaware and the United States to understand how human society alters, and is affected by, the physical environment.


Identify artifacts and documents as either primary or secondary sources of historical data from which historical accounts are constructed.

Examine historical materials relating to a particular region, society, or theme; chronologically arrange them; and analyze change over time.



Identify the fundamental rights of all American citizens as enumerated in the Bill of Rights.

Apply the protections guaranteed in the Bill of Rights to an analysis of everyday situations.


[Economic Systems]

Identify different means of production, distribution, and exchange used within economic systems in different times and places.



Understand the reasons for the locations of human activities and settlements and routes connecting them in Delaware and in the United States.


Explain why historical accounts of the same event sometimes differ and relate this explanation to the evidence presented or the point-of-view of the author.



Understand that in order to select effective leaders, citizens have to become informed about candidates' qualifications and the issues of the day.

Identify and employ the formal and informal methods by which democratic groups function.


[International Trade]

Demonstrate how international trade links countries around the world and   can improve the economic welfare of  nations.


Apply geographic skills to develop a profile of the local community by placing it in the context of physical, cultural, and other types of regions.


Develop an understanding of Delaware history and its connections with United States history, including:

    -Native American inhabitants before     European contact;
    -exploration and settlement
    -from the First State to the Civil War
    -growth of commerce, industry, transportation, and agriculture
    -modern Delaware

Develop and understanding of selected themes in United States history, including:

    -who are the American people?
    -how did the United States develop its form of government
    -how have advances in technology changed our lives?
    -important people in American history.

History Terms and Definitions

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History Terms and Definitions