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Descriptions of Courses Regularly Taught in the Philosophy Department

PHIL 100-010 Philosophies of Life. Jordan
Plato, Christianity, Marxism, Freud, Philosophical Naturalism, and Classical Liberalism are among the theories we will look at this semester.  The course is a survey of six theories concerning the nature of humanity.  There will be three tests.

PHIL 101-010 Great Western Philosophers. Rogers
Western Philosophy began over two thousand years ago in Greece when people began to ask, “What is really real?”  “How can I know anything?” and “What am I doing here, anyway?”  In Great Western Philosophers we take an introductory look, in chronological order, at some of the most important thinkers and ideas from ancient Greece to the present, including, for example, Aristotle on the Happy Life, Thomas Aquinas on God, and Descartes on doubt and certainty.  The course is divided into four sections with a multiple-choice test after each section.

PHIL 102-010 Introduction to Philosophy. Pust
This course is an analytic introduction to Philosophy through the study of the Philosophy of Religion, Epistemology, Metaphysics and Ethics.  Among the questions we will consider are the following: Does God exist?  Can we know that an external world exists?  Is any belief about the future rational?  What is the relationship between the mind and brain?  What, if anything, makes our actions right or wrong?  Doe we ever act freely?  Readings will be from both historical and contemporary sources.

PHIL 102-010 Introduction to Philosophy. Shabo
This course provides an introduction to the problems and methods of philosophy as an academic discipline.  We will focus on four traditional areas of philosophical debate, including the existence of God, the mind-body problem, knowledge and skepticism, and free will and determinism.  In each of the four areas, we will look closely at influential arguments and positions with a view to understanding and critically evaluating them.  Grading will be based on four in-class essay exams as well as class participation.

PHIL 105-010 Critical Thinking. Shabo
Whether you are watching television, reading a book or newspaper, or attending a class, some person or institution is trying to influence your beliefs, attitudes or actions. Such influence takes various forms. Our focus will be on attempts to influence you through claims and arguments. More generally, our concern will be to understand the critical skills that are needed to make effective assessments of evidence, so that you have more control over how you respond to these influences. Of course, we will not be deciding in detail what we should believe about every issue. Rather, we will be doing a more general study of the appropriate standards for determining what to believe. Studying the general standards for acquiring or changing belief involves exploring the nature of justification and the giving of reasons. We will do this by examining valid and invalid argument forms, informal fallacies, the use of analogy in argument, and ambiguity. Later in the semester, we will apply these critical thinking tools to arguments on a range of contemporary topics.

PHIL 105 Critical Thinking. Draper
The course is aimed at advancing the student’s critical thinking skills.  It begins with a general discussion of how to analyze and evaluate arguments, followed by a survey of common mistakes in reasoning.  Most of the course examines specific types of reasoning, including explanatory reasoning, legal reasoning, and moral reasoning.  Case studies and philosophical essays are used as illustrations and as opportunities to think critically about important issues.

PHIL 125-010 Topics in Popular Culture.
Philosophical ideas expressed in popular media such as science fiction or fantasy literature, films, and music.  Topics are variable.

PHIL 200-010 Business Ethics.
Ethical theory applied to moral problems in business.  Corporate social responsibility and ethical issues in advertising, personnel, and investment.

PHIL 201-010 Social and Political Philosophy.
Classical and contemporary views on such problems as the proper scope and functions of government, on what a just distribution of wealth is, and on the extent of an individual’s rights, liberties and obligation to obey the law.

PHIL 201-010 Social and Political Philosophy. Cushing
This course takes a problem based approach to social and political philosophy with an emphasis on historical authors.  Topics include the justification of government, the ideal form of government, freedom, property, and rights.  Authors read include Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Mill, Marx, and Rawls with additional attention paid to contemporary writers as time and student interest dictates.  Students will learn to approach complex topics analytically and express themselves clearly in writing.  The primary requirements for the class will be short papers.

PHIL 202-010 Contemporary Moral Problems. Greene
In conducting our ordinary lives, we often need answers to ethical questions.  Some of the most serious are literally matters of life and death.  These force us to ask questions like:  is it ever okay to kill another member of the human species?  Is it always okay to kill things which are not members of the human species?  We shall consider issues like abortion, infanticide, euthanasia, capital punishment, terrorism and warfare, the welfare of future generations, animals, the environment, and responsibility to those less fortunate than ourselves.  Along the way, we’ll consider the role of ethical theory in helping us to address difficult ethical decisions. Students will emerge from the course in a position to make a worthwhile contribution to the discussion of ethical issues in our society.

PHIL 202-010 Contemporary Moral Problems. Pust
This course will survey and investigate various answers to philosophical questions regarding applied ethics.  We will begin with a consideration of some questions in moral theory: What does morality require of us?  Is morality objective?  Does morality depend upon religion?  We will then turn to discussion of the following topics:  suicide, euthanasia, abortion, the treatment of animals, capital punishment, sex, pornography, drug use and, finally, our moral obligations with respect to people in great need, future generations, and the natural environment.

PHIL 202-010, 080 Contemporary Moral Problems. Hanley
In conducting our ordinary lives, we often need answers to ethical questions.  Some of the most serious are literally matters of life and death.  These force us to ask questions like:  is it ever okay to kill another member of the human species?  Is it always okay to kill things which are not members of the human species?  We shall consider issues like abortion, infanticide, contraception, euthanasia, capital punishment, warfare, and the welfare of future generations, animals, the environment, and of those less fortunate than ourselves.  Along the way, we’ll construct a picture of a plausible ethical theory, engaging questions like, “Are there any objectively correct answers in ethics?” and “Does ethics depend upon religion?”  Students will emerge from the course in a position to make a worthwhile contribution to the discussion of ethical issues in our society.

PHIL 203-010 Ethics.
Study of moral value, moral obligation and moral virtue through comparison of notable schools of ethical theory, including utilitarianism, existentialism, Kantianism, classical Greek eudaimonism, pragmatism and Thomism.

PHIL 203-010 Ethics. Cushing
This is a course in theoretical normative ethics.  Our primary objective in the course will be to understand the three most prominent schools of ethical thought in contemporary philosophy: Consequentialism, Deontology, and Virtue Ethics.  We will look at the classical sources of these schools as well as contemporary writers.  The course will begin with a short look at moral nihilism and cultural relativism before moving on to our main project.  Students will learn to approach complex topics analytically and express themselves clearly in writing.  The primary requirements for the class will be short papers.

PHIL 203-010 Ethics. Schueler
"It is not a trivial question," Socrates said. "What we are talking about is how one should live." (Plato, REPUBLIC, 352D) This course will explore some of the answers that have been given to that question, by Kantians, utilitarians and others.  We will also look at some of the reasons some philosophers, relativists for instance, have thought that no general answer to Socrates' question is possible.

PHIL 204-010 World Religions. Fox
In this course we will take a critical yet sympathetic view of a wide range of religious traditions, including Native American Religion, Hinduism, Buddhism, Daoism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.  This will require that we allow ourselves both to identify with and maintain our distance from each of the traditions covered.  We propose to explore textual and historical roots and fundamental concerns, and to look for similarities and differences.  We will not be experts on World Religions after taking this course, but we will be more sensitive to the kinds of issues at stake in the study of religion, and more familiar with the origins and evolutions of today’s living religions, both Eastern and Western.

PHIL 205-010 Logic.  Boorse
Elementary symbolic logic of truth-functions and quantification.  This course covers deductive reasoning:  patterns of argument that are logically conclusive by virtue of their form alone.  A formal language is developed for expressing the structure of arguments involving connectives like “and” and “or”, and quantifiers like “all”, “some”, “no”.  When translated into this formal language, arguments in ordinary English can be proved valid or invalid, and sentences can be evaluated as logically true, logically false, or contingent.

PHIL 205-010 Logic. Draper
Elementary symbolic logic of truth-functions and quantification.  This course covers deductive reasoning:  patterns of argument that are logically conclusive by virtue of their form alone.  A formal language is developed for expressing the structure of arguments involving connectives like “and”, “or”, and quantifiers like “all”, “some”, “no”.  When translated into this formal language, arguments in ordinary English can be proved valid or invalid, and sentences can be evaluated as logically true, logically false, or contingent.

PHIL 205-010 Logic. Hanley
We will develop a simple but powerful formal language to assist us in understanding and evaluating deductive arguments given in a natural language like English.  We’ll begin with a propositional calculus and expand the language as we go to include predication, quantification, and identity, as well as the traditional Square of Opposition.  Along the way I’ll introduce a range of indispensable concepts, such as consistency and validity, and tools, including natural deduction and truth tables.

PHIL 205-010 Logic. Schueler
Elementary symbolic logic of truth-functions and quantification.  This course covers deductive reasoning:  patterns of argument that are logically conclusive by virtue of their form alone.  A formal language is developed for expressing the structure of arguments involving connectives like “and”, “or”, and quantifiers like “all”, “some”, “no”.  When translated into this formal language, arguments in ordinary English can be proved valid or invalid, and sentences can be evaluated as logically true, logically false, or contingent.

PHIL 207-010 Scientific Reasoning.
Critical survey of basic concepts and forms of inductive reasoning. Applications to the physical, social and biomedical sciences. Topics include: interpretations of probability, probabilistic fallacies, methods of statistical induction, logic of hypothesis testing, judging correlations, criteria of causation, experimental design and definitions of confirmation.

PHIL 208-010 Introduction to Jewish Philosophy. Sneiderman
This course examines, at an introductory level, fundamental issues in the philosophy of religion.  Students will be guided through a survey of historically important philosophers who have approached these issues, and will learn how they have utilized both general theological approaches to resolving the tension between philosophy and religion and the uniquely Jewish attempt to do so.  Topics will include:  God, miracles, good and evil, divine commandments and free will.

PHIL 209-010 Philosophy of Religion. Jordan
In this course we will examine the classical arguments pro and con for the existence of God.  The credibility of miracle-reports, concepts of afterlife, the problem of religious pluralism, and the nature of God are other topics discussed.  There will be two in-class exams and one take-home exam.

PHIL 210-010 Women and Religion.
Examines the impact of Near Eastern and Judeo-Christian scriptures on women in the family and society especially focusing on women’s roles as mystics and leaders within and outside of institutional religion.  Also covers recent feminist approaches to religion.

PHIL 211-010 Basic Decision Theory. Boorse
Rational decision-making using only elementary logic and high-school algebra.  Decisions under ignorance:  max-min rules for preference orderings.  Decisions under risk:  probability, utility, and the expected-utility rule.  Game theory:  equilibrium strategies; prisoner’s dilemma.  Social choices:  voting paradoxes and Arrow’s theorem.

PHIL 216-010 Introduction to Feminist Theory.
The concepts of love, marriage, sexuality, family, work, power and equality of women.  Theories of women and their position in society, including classical Marxism, the status politics of the suffragettes, radical feminism and socialist feminism.

PHIL 241-010 Ethical Issues in Healthcare. Greene
Informed discussion of the ethics of healthcare must acknowledge the constraints of political and economic reality. In this course we will make an interdisciplinary examination of competing considerations of ethics, justice, and practical policy in the provision of healthcare. Among the questions addressed will be: What are the aims of healthcare and how can success be measured? Is there a right to healthcare? Who should pay? How should scarce resources be distributed? (See also PHIL 444 for a class with a more clinical focus.)  More info on class website: classes.vole.org/241.

PHIL 244-010 Philosophy of Art.
An introduction to main philosophic problems concerning art: the nature, evaluation and value of art.

PHIL 301-010 Ancient Philosophy. Rogers
We take a chronological survey of major figures in Ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy from the beginning of philosophy with Thales in the Seventh Century BCE up through Plotinus in the Second Century CE, devoting the most time to the two most important figures in Ancient (and perhaps in all) Philosophy, Plato and Aristotle. Questions include (but are not limited to): What is everything made of?  Can we know anything, and, if so, what and how? Is there a God, and, if so, what manner of Being is It? How can I be happy?  What, if anything, justifies the authority of the government?

PHIL 301-010 Ancient Philosophy. Draper
The course is divided into six topics: the significance of being mortal, the possibility and nature of change, the ideal society, the fundamental nature of reality, the nature of the mind, and the rationality of being moral.  We will consider the attempts of various ancient Greek philosophers to address these issues, with an emphasis on Plato, Aristotle and Epicurus.  Special attention will be given to Plato’s Republic, widely recognized as one of the greatest works in Western literature.

PHIL 303-010, 080 Modern Philosophy. Shabo
This course is a study of works of the major philosophers of the 17th and 18th centuries, including Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, and Kant. In reading these works, we will come to understand some of their main positions and arguments in metaphysics and epistemology. In addition, we will come to appreciate how their discussions have shaped our contemporary understanding of such core philosophical problems as the nature of minds, what the physical world is like and what we can know about it, causation, and personal identity.

PHIL 305-010 Twentieth-Century Philosophy. Powers
In the 20th century, philosophical analysis broached new questions and gave some convincing answers to older philosophical problems. Philosophy of language, epistemology, philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, and ethics all benefited greatly from the several kinds of analysis practiced during this time. It was a period in which philosophy, especially but not exclusively in the English-speaking world, provided foundational and methodological contributions to the sciences (e.g., in psychology and physics) and contributed to several emerging disciplines, such as formal linguistics, mathematical logic, and computer science.  Philosophers also turned their attention, in this period, to questions of distributive justice in ways that aided inquiry in economics, public policy, and jurisprudence. In this course we will read many of the great works of 20th century philosophy, mostly in article format, and explore the significance of this fruitful period of inquiry.

PHIL 306-010 Philosophy of Science.
A survey of central topics in the philosophy of science which may include the distinction between science (astronomy) and pseudo-science (astrology), the role of values in science, scientific realism, scientific reductionism, as well as the nature of scientific theories, explanations, and confirmation.

PHIL 307-010 Black Thought and Philosophy.
Readings and discussions of Black philosophies, ideologies and concepts as reflected in the thought of significant Black figures.

PHIL 308-010 Topics in Jewish Theology.
Critical evaluation of the theological views of major branches of Judaism on such topics as: the significance of Israel, the status of Jewish law, the meaning of Jewish ritual and the mission of the Jewish people.

PHIL 309-010, 080 Indian Religion and Philosophy. Fox
This course will cover the philosophical and religious traditions in the Indian culture, including the Vedic tradition, Jainism, and the various philosophical schools of Hinduism.  Special emphasis will be placed on Buddhism and Advaita Vedanta.  We will also cover various more recent developments in Indian thought, including Sikhism and the works of modern thinkers such as Gandhi, Ramakrishna, and Aurobindo.

The Honors section of Indian Religion and Philosophy will operate as a subsection of PHIL 309 sec. 010.  This means that besides the regular work load for the course, students will be expected to meet for an additional discussion every other week throughout the semester.  This means that students with extremely complex or restricted schedules may not be able to take part.  We will read additional, more in-depth and sophisticated materials, and will spend more time working with traditional texts.  Increased emphasis will be placed on class participation, in both the regular and the additional honors section meetings.  Class is limited to ten students.  Prerequisite:  PHIL 204 World Religions.

PHIL 310-010, 080 Chinese Religion and Philosophy. Fox
In this course we will read and discuss the works of several important thinkers in the Chinese philosophical tradition, including Confucius, Mencius, and Xunzi from the Confucian tradition; Laozi and Zhuangzi from the Daoist tradition; the Huayan and Chan Buddhist traditions; and Zhuxi and Wang Yangming from the Neo-Confucian tradition.  We will also discuss representative figures from Neo-Daoism, Chinese Yoga, and trends in Modern Chinese Philosophy.  No knowledge of the Chinese language is necessary.  There will also be an Honors subsection for 310 which will be limited to 10 students.  Students for this subsection will read additional materials and will meet every other Tuesday at 4pm for an hour in a seminar format to go into greater depth on issues raised in class. 

PHIL 311-010, 80 Early Medieval Philosophy. Rogers
Early Medieval Philosophy deals with the beginning of the synthesis of Greek philosophy and biblical religion. We start with some background in Ancient Greek philosophy and Plotinus, the neoplatonist who had a profound impact on later religious thought. A major part of the course is devoted to Augustine of Hippo, who, after the authors of the New Testament, is the chief architect of Christian philosophy. We move then to Boethius, Eriugena, Anselm and conclude with Peter Abelard. Though the material is presented chronologically, the key question throughout will be whether or not the ideas we study are philosophically viable today. Topics will include: Proving God, answering skepticism, leading the good life, universals, evil, time, Genesis and the theory of evolution, and many more. There will be three essay tests, two research papers, and quizzes on assigned reading.

PHIL 312-010, 080 Late Medieval Philosophy. Rogers
In the middle of the Middle Ages Islamic philosophers rediscovered the thought of Aristotle.  What followed was centuries of debates on a range of ever-timely questions, including:  Can science and religion be reconciled?  Is morality universal and objective?  If you touch a match to cotton is the cotton more likely to burn than it is to turn into a parrot and fly away?  It was these debates which laid the foundations for the so-called Renaissance, the Protestant Reformation, and the world as we see it today.  In Later Medieval Philosophy we will study the chronological course of these debates, ever mindful that our main question is always, Is the argument in question valid and sound?  Reading will be moderate.  Discussion is encouraged.  There will be four essay tests, two short papers, and daily quizzes on the reading.

PHIL 313-010 Killing and Letting Die. Greene
Doctors are generally forbidden to actively cause the death of terminally ill patients who are in great pain and want to die. However, they are allowed to withhold treatment from such patients, knowing this will hasten death. Both practices share the morally salient feature that they result in avoidable earlier death. Why is killing condemned but letting die allowed? We will explore this and the acts / omissions asymmetry more generally. It seems that there are cases in which moral attitudes diverge despite equivalence of ethically relevant features. Are such asymmetries real or only apparent? What do they mean for the ethical systems in which they arise?

PHIL 315-010 Metaphysics. Hanley
Metaphysics is the study of how and what things really are.  Modern analytic metaphysics has been especially concerned with modality (the nature of necessity and possibility), personal identity, the mind‑body problem, the nature of time, causation, and freedom of the will; and has been characterized by a fine attention to language and logic.  We shall touch on all these concerns, with the focus on modality, an area which in the 1980s saw the publication of two revolutionary works, by Saul Kripke and David Lewis.

PHIL 316-010 Time Travel.
Through philosophy applied to physics and science fiction, explores the connections of time travel to traditional philosophic issues concerning the nature of time, God, free will and personal identity.

PHIL 316-080 Time Travel. Hanley
The notions of time travel, and of a multiverse, are staples of science fiction that have gained respectability in recent physics and philosophy. We shall examine them in connection with traditional philosophical issues concerning the nature of time, space, change, causation, God, human beings, free will and personal identity.

PHIL 317-010 American Philosophy.
Classical American philosophers, including Emerson, Thoreau, Peirce, James and Dewey.  Includes ethics, epistemology and social and political theory.

PHIL 320-010 Theory of Knowledge. Pust
This course is a thorough survey of contemporary analytic epistemology (the theory of knowledge and justified belief).  We will begin with a consideration of various attempts to define knowledge.  Following that, we will examine contemporary theories of justified belief such as foundationalism, coherentism and reliabilism.  This course will conclude with an investigation of responses to skepticism about the external world.  Readings will be mostly from recent journal articles.  This course will be a mixture of lecture and discussion.  Students will be expected to be prepared for active and informed discussion of the readings. 

PHIL 320-010 Theory of Knowledge. Adams
Epistemology derives from the Greek episteme (“knowledge”) and logos (“account or reason”). The study of epistemology is the attempt to give an account of the source and nature of knowledge.

Knowledge is a highly prized commodity. Secret agents kill to get it. Scientists spend billions of dollars trying to find it. If you knew the winning numbers in the next Powerball lottery, you would become rich by purchasing a ticket with those very numbers.

We would like to know many things that we do not know. Is there life on other planets? Will computers someday actually be able to think? There are also many things that we do know. We know enough physics, engineering, and computer science to send people to the moon and return them safely to Earth. Pick up any encyclopedia and you will have a partial list of what we now know. What you will not find is an answer to the question “What is it for a person to know something?” This question does not only ask things such as whether Tom knows Joe is drug-free. It asks what is required for such knowledge. For example, how accurate must a drug test be to be able to give knowledge? To ask such a question is to turn the pursuit of knowledge upon itself. What is it for someone to know something?

This course will attempt to answer the above question. We will read attempted answers. We will also consider objections to those attempted answers. For instance, we will consider arguments for skepticism--the view that very little if anything actually is known.  We will examine the arguments for skepticism and see whether they succeed or fail.  Students will develop the critical reasoning skills of appraising arguments. They will learn to evaluate theories of knowledge. Some theories are better than others, and students learn ways of telling which theories are better and why.

The course will involve reading of original philosophical texts. It will involve critical appraisal of arguments. Students will write a series of papers evaluating theories of knowledge. There will also be some short quizzes on reading and lecture material. There will also be a final exam. The class will be in a lecture and discussion format. Discussion will be encouraged and will play a large part in the course.

PHIL 322-010 Existentialism.
Study of the origins and development of existential philosophy.  Emphasis on the fundamental insight into the nature of man that separates the existentialists from the rest of the Western philosophical tradition.  Sources include Pascal, Kierkegaard, Nietsche and Sartre.

PHIL 327-010 Race, Gender, Science.
Critically examines a number of metaphysical, epistemological, and ethical issues related to science of race, gender, and sexual orientation.  Topics include (a) evolution of sex and gender, (b) gender and cognition, (c) biological basis, or lack thereof, of sexual orientation/preference, (d) evolutionary, cognitive, historical, and political origins of race thinking, (e) relationship between everyday conceptions of race and gender as compared with scientific conceptions of race and gender, (f) ethical issues raised by human kind classification schemes.

PHIL 330-010 Philosophy of Mind. Adams
What is the mind?  What is the relation of the mind to the body?  How does the mind work?  For example, how do thoughts come to be about the world around us?  How do your thoughts come to be about or mean the University of Delaware?  And how do thoughts cause behavior?  You enrolled at the University of Delaware because you wanted to come here.  How do wants (desires) cause things in virtue of their contents or meanings?  We are quite familiar with the fact that our thoughts do control our behavior.  And our thoughts certainly seem to do this because of what they mean or are about.  How does this all work?  Philosophers, linguists, psychologists, computer scientists, and neuroscientists, among others, have asked these sorts of questions.  We will surely attempt to answer questions about the nature of the mind and how it acquires its contents (or meanings).  We begin with a historical survey of approaches to the mind.  We will then look at current debates about the nature of the mind.  Along the way we will consider related issues of whether nonhuman animals can think and whether a machine (computer) could be made that can think, among other issues.  We will consider various theories about how the mind represents the world and current debates about the best way to model the workings of the mind.  The course will not presuppose familiarity with the literature on these topics, but will be self-contained--the first part of the course will build a background for the remainder of the course.  The format for the course will be lecture and discussion.  Students will be active participants in daily discussion of materials.  Grades will be determined on the basis of a combination of quizzes, papers and participation.

PHIL 330-010 Philosophy of Mind. Schueler
Many people think that the self or mind (or center of consciousness) is somehow different from the brain and the rest of the body. For instance, the idea that there is life after death seems to entail this.  In fact the mere existence of consciousness seems to suggest that the self or mind is totally different from the body.  Scientific research into the brain, however, finds no such center of consciousness and promises to explain all mental activity physically.  But that is also puzzling since such mental states and activities as choice, decision, belief, desire, and the like play a central role in explaining how human beings think and act. 

This course will examine such topics as whether the mind (or self) is somehow a separate entity from the body, the nature of consciousness, the intentionality of mental states, whether computers can have minds, mental causation, and the relation between mind and brain. Grades will be based on several short papers and a final exam. Readings will be taken from both contemporary and classical sources.

PHIL 340-010 Cross Cultural Environmental Ethics.
Critical and global study of the ethics of human-environment relations as suggested by the science of ecology, Western philosophy, physical science, the world views of Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Taoism, Native American traditions, African traditions ecofeminism and American law.

PHIL 344-010 Science and Religion. Jordan/Shipman
In this team-taught course four topics will be the primary focus of discussion:  biological evolution, cosmology, the credibility of miracle reports, and the scientific image of humankind.  In particular, the implications for religious thought, whether pro or con, of current scientific thought will be examined.  We will read and discuss the writings of several prominent scientists and philosophers on the four topics.  Grades will be based on two tests, and several short weekly papers which critique the readings.

PHIL 351-010 Advanced Logic.
Axiomatic quantified predicate calculus with identify; axiomatic set theory and number theory; and demonstration of metatheorems.  Prereq: PHIL 205.

PHIL 367-010 Seminar: Daoism.  Fox
In this course we will read some seminal primary and secondary works representative of the various Daoist traditions in Chinese culture.  This includes philosophical Daoism, but also religious and yogic Daoisms as well.  Emphasis will be placed on recent discoveries which have called into question many of the prevailing understandings of classical Daoist thought, such as the discovery of early manuscripts buried in tombs, and the connections between early Chinese yogic traditions and mature Daoist philosophies.

PHIL 389-010 Topics: Women and Health Issues.
Varying special topics related to women’s health.  Topics may include, but are not limited to: the relationship between women, health and development; theoretical contributions of feminism to thinking about relationship between gender and health; women’s health conditions in various parts of the world.

PHIL 390 Honors Colloquium.
See ARSC 390 for course description.

PHIL 404-010 Animal Minds.
Examines philosophical, theoretical, and methodological issues raised by study of animal cognition and behavior. Topics may include mental continuity between human and nonhuman animals, animal communication and deception, self-recognition, emotions, culture, as well as the ethical treatment of animals.

PHIL 418-010 Meaning and Language Use.
Introduction to theories of meaning based on the notion of truth and their application to language use.

PHIL 421-010 Philosophy, Biology, Society.
Recent topics in philosophy of biology, with emphasis on those related to self, community, and society at large. Topics may include intelligent design, evolutionary altruism, psychological altruism, evolutionary psychology, cultural evolution, evolutionary game theory, and evolutionary ethics.

PHIL 444-010 Medical Ethics. Greene
An examination of some of the most controversial issues in medical ethics.  Through discussion of specific, highly influential cases, this seminar will join ongoing debates on the ethics of euthanasia, human experimentation, reproductive rights, human cloning, genetic engineering, mental disease and other topics.  (See also PHIL/CSCC 241 for a class with a more policy focus.)  More info on class website: classes.vole.org/444.

PHIL 444-010 Medical Ethics. Boorse
This course will survey the spectrum of views and arguments on such topics as the ethics of animal experimentation, abortion, euthanasia, the definition of death, cloning and other genetic and reproductive technology, and rights to health care.

PHIL 448-010 Environmental Ethics. Powers
This course will survey well-known theories of environmental ethics (utilitarian, stakeholder, deontological, holistic, game-theoretical, and rights-based views).  In addition, we will explore contemporary scientific issues related to environmental ethics such as pollution, climate change, land use, endangered species, habitat preservation, appropriate technology, human population dynamics, future generations, and large-scale agriculture. The course will require an original research paper that integrates environmental science and ethical theory.

PHIL 465-010 Senior Seminar.
Various authors and themes; e.g., Plato, Kant, epistemology, philosophy of mind.

PHIL 613-010 RAISE: Research Ethics. Powers/Greene
The RAISE (Responsibility and Integrity in Science and Engineering) seminar provides graduate instruction on research ethics and professional practice. The seminar prepares participants as future leaders of professional integrity in their fields. Issues include attribution of authorship, data falsification, conflicts of interest, plagiarism, and whistleblowing.

PHIL 867 Ethics, Business, and Communication for Life Scientists and Engineers
This course provides professional development in ethics, business and communication related to systems biology research applications in stem cell, tissue engineering, and drug delivery technologies.  The course is intended for PhD students in interdisciplinary life science and engineering programs.  Cross listed with BISC, CHEG, CHEM, ELEG, PLSC, MAST, MSEG, BMEG.