Step 1: Selecting Topics
Select a topic or topics of international concern that you
want your students to discuss, or an international problem for
which you want your students to develop proposed solutions (e.g.
terrorism, trade with Cuba, Palestinian homeland etc.).
Step 2: Selecting a
*Optional - depending on how realistic you want your
simulation to be, you can choose to have the students simulate
the work of one of a variety of United Nations "organs"
(e.g. General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social
Step 3: Identification
of Countries (or "states")
Identify countries ("states") that have stakes in
the problem. The selection of countries should be based on their
representing divergent views on the topics you have selected
for the simulation. Select one country for every 2-3 students.
Step 4: Assignment
Assign 2-3 students to the role of a delegate from each of
the countries. They will become the "delegations"
for the simulation. Have students research the positions of
their assigned countries on the topics that will be discussed
during the simulation. Alternatively, you can develop role-playing
cards that describe the countries' positions for the students
(if you take this approach, pass out the role cards).
Step 5: Developing
A "resolution" is a proposed policy, statement, or
course of action that is recommended for adoption by the United
Approach A - have students write their own resolutions.
Approach B (time saving approach) - write resolutions for the
students to consider.
Step 6: Create an Agenda
Collect and number all of the resolutions that will be considered.
Have students vote on which resolution will be discussed.
Step 7: Create a Speaker's
A speaker's list is a list of countries that will be permitted
to speak on a topic. To get on a speaker's list, a delegate
simply has to volunteer. Time limits are usually imposed on
speeches and 2-3 questions from other delegates are typically
permitted at the end of the speech. Speakers also have the right
to "yield" any remaining time to other delegations.
Invite delegations to join the speaker's list and proceed through
the list until there is a motion to end debates.
Step 8: Discuss (debate)