Geographic patterns - the design or arrangement
of spatial data
Emerge - geographic information that becomes apparent
or evident or as a
result of interactions
Hierarchy - patterns at a detailed scale may be
related to patterns at a more general scale
Accessibility - the relative ease with which a
place can be reached from
Diffusion - the spread of people, ideas, technology,
products among places
Complementarity - the mutually satisfactory exchange
of raw materials,
manufactured products, or information between two regions
to fill the
needs and wants of each.
Physical environment - the natural structural features
the Earth's surface, such as hills, plateau, mountain,
Interconnected-systems- ecosystems and the inter-relationships
the elements within those systems.
Ecosystems - systems formed by the interaction
of all living organisms
(plants, animals, humans) with each other and with the
chemical factors of the environment in which they live.
Scale - refers to the size of the area studied,
local to global.
Geographic processes - the course or method of
produces, maintains, or alters Earth's physical systems
Culture - the learned behavior of people, which
includes their belief
systems and languages, their social relationships, their
and organizations, and their material goods - food, clothing,
tools, and machines.
Economic activity - production, distribution,
of goods and resources to meets the wants of humans; can
primary or secondary.
Settlement - a community; human habitations, including
rural or urban
Boundaries - lines that have been established
by people to mark the limit of one political unit (county,
state) and the beginning of another; can be geographical
features such as mountains or rivers, etc.
Complexity - difficulty or intricacy