Young children readily learn words from parents and caregivers, but learning from video has proven more difficult. A study involving a UD researcher shows the responsiveness of the interactions is key.

Skype me!

Responsive interactions help toddlers learn language

TEXT SIZE

9:29 a.m., Oct. 8, 2013--Young children readily learn words from their parents, grandparents and child care providers in live conversations, but learning from video has proven more difficult. A new study questioned why and found that it’s the responsiveness of the interactions that’s key: When we respond to children in timely and meaningful ways, they learn—even when that response comes from a screen.

The study, by researchers at the University of Washington, Temple University and the University of Delaware, appears in the journal Child Development.

Research Stories

Penguin chicks

UD oceanographers recently reported a connection between local weather conditions and the weight of Adélie penguin chicks in Marine Ecology Progress Series, a top marine ecology journal.

Biomedical grant opportunities

Two of UD's NIH Center for Biomedical Research Excellence (COBRE) programs have issued calls for grant applications from UD researchers. Proposals are due by Nov. 14.

“This study suggests that children really need parents to respond to their little noises and vocalizations if they are to learn language. Being responsive to children even before they start talking is really important!” said Roberta Golinkoff, who is a professor of linguistics, cognitive science and psychology, and the Unidel H. Rodney Sharp Chair in the School of Education at UD. 

Golinkoff was a co-author on the study, with Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, professor of psychology at Temple University, and Sarah Rosenberry at the University of Washington. 

In the study, three dozen 2-year-olds were randomly assigned to learn new verbs in one of three ways: training with a live person; training through video chat technology such as Skype that allows audio and video interaction via screen between users at different locations; and watching a prerecorded video of the same person instructing a different child who was off screen and thus out of synch with the child in the study.

The results reveal that children learned new words only when conversing with a person and in the live video chat, both of which involved responsive, back-and-forth social interactions. They didn’t learn the new words through the prerecorded video instruction, which was not responsive to the child.

Children who learned in the two environments that involved real-time social interaction even used the new words to label the actions when different people performed them.

Funding for the study came from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and the National Science Foundation.

Article adapted with permission from the Society for Research in Child Development Inc.

icon-fb icon-tw icon-yt icon-fs
ADVERTISEMENT

News Media Contact

University of Delaware
Office of Communications & Marketing
302-831-NEWS
ud-ocm@udel.edu

UDaily is produced by the
Office of Communications & Marketing

The Academy Building
105 East Main Street
University of Delaware
Newark, DE 19716 | USA
Phone: (302) 831-2792
email: ud-ocm@udel.edu
www.udel.edu/ocm
University of Delaware • Newark, DE 19716
ud-ocm@udel.edu • (302) 831-2792 • ©2012
University of Delaware • Newark, DE 19716 • USA • Phone: (302) 831-2792 • © 2013
Comments|Contact Us|Legal Notices