Excel 7 is a spreadsheet program for use with Windows 95. It is
a flexible tool for performing simple or complex calculations,
and can be used to create tables, graphs, or charts. This tipsheet
provides basic information for getting started using Excel 7.
Since other versions of Excel have the same features, the instructions
in this tipsheet also should apply
to those versions.
Position the mouse pointer over any button to display the name of the button.
You can get Help by clicking on the Help button in the top-right corner of the screen, then clicking on a part of the screen, menu, or any button with which you need help. You can also access online help using the "Help" menu or by pressing the F1 key. (Under the "Help" menu, the Lotus 1-2-3 Help command will show you the Excel equivalents for the Lotus 1-2-3 menu and command items.)
Exit Excel by (1) selecting the "File"
menu, then choosing the Exit command (2) clicking the Program
in the upper-right corner of the Excel window, or (3) pressing
the Alt-F4 key combination.
Each Excel file constitutes one workbook. Initially, a workbook is made up of 16 worksheets (you can add or delete sheets as needed). You can use the scrolling buttons (the arrow buttons located at the bottom-left corner of the screen) to move around a workbook and those at the bottom-right to move around a worksheet.
The active cell is the highlighted cell. Clicking on any cell will activate that cell.
Methods for selecting several cells:
Pressing ENTER will change the active cell within the selected cells. Pressing the SHIFT-ENTER key combination moves the active cell backward. Pressing the TAB key moves the active cell from left to right, and pressing the SHIFT-TAB key combination moves the active cell from right to left.
Entering data: Excel displays data in both the active cell and in the Formula Bar above the worksheet. You can enter or modify data in the cell or the Formula Bar. Three buttons (Cancel, Enter, and Function Wizard) also appear in the Formula bar. The Cancel button cancels the entry and removes it from the Formula bar and the active cell. The Enter button enters the data. You can also enter data using the directional arrows, TAB key, and ENTER key on the keyboard. The Function Wizard button displays a dialog box for choosing functions.
Changing cell contents: Select a cell. Position the pointer over the data in the Formula Bar. Click and drag over the data you wish to change. Type new data or erase existing data using the BACKSPACE key or the right mouse button (select "Cut"). Press ENTER.
You can also double-click on a cell, select the data in the cell, and enter new information. Press the HOME key to move the insertion point to the left of the data.
Widening a cell: Position the pointer between two columns so that the cursor changes to a two-directional arrow. Click and drag the mouse pointer to the right and release it. You can also double-click on the column border. The column width will adjust to fit the widest cell entry.
Undo/Redo : The Undo button (the left-pointing arrow) allows you to reverse your last action (or, press the CTRL-Z key combination). The Redo button (the right-pointing arrow) allows you to reverse the Undo command (or, press the CTRL-Y key combination). Press the ESC key to close the Undo list without making a selection.
Save: Save your workbook by clicking on the Save
The first time you save a file, you must give it a name and identify
to which disk and directory you want to save the file. The button
below the Program Close button that is also marked with an X is
the File Close button. The File Close button or the CTRL-F4 key
combination will close a file and leave Excel open.
Clearing cell contents: Use the DELETE key to clear the contents of a cell. To remove a cell's formatting, select "Clear" from the "Edit" menu, then choose All, Formats, Contents, or Notes from the submenu.
Inserting and deleting rows and columns: You can insert new rows or columns using the "Insert" menu (then choosing "Rows" or "Columns") or by clicking on the right mouse button and choosing insert or delete. New rows are inserted above the selected row. New columns are inserted to the left of the selected column.
Moving: To move the contents of a cell, select a cell or range of cells. Position the pointer on the gray border (the pointer becomes an arrow). Drag the outline to another location. Release the mouse button. Also, you can use the Cut, Copy and Paste buttons in the tool bar to move or copy the contents of a cell.
Copy: To copy the contents of a cell, select a cell or range of cells. Hold down the CTRL key and position the pointer on the gray border (the pointer becomes an arrow with a plus sign). Drag the outline to another location. Release the mouse button and the CTRL key to copy the cells. Also, you can use the Cut, Copy and Paste buttons in the tool bar to move or copy the contents of a cell.
Copy and Paste Shortcut Keys: Use the following procedure to copy the contents of an active cell to a non-adjacent cell:
Using Autosum: Select the cell, then click on the Autosum button to create a formula. A flashing dotted line appears around the range of the cells that will be summed. Click the Autosum button again.
Building a simple formula:
Using the fill handle: The fill handle is a small handle in the lower-right corner of the active cell.
To copy the contents of an active cell into adjacent cells, perform the following steps:
You can also copy a formula to a range of cells by using the Edit, Fill, Right (CTRL-R key combination) or Edit, Fill, Down (CTRL-D key combination) commands.
Holding down the SHIFT key while using the fill handle will insert blank cells.
Dragging the fill handle into the active cell erases the contents of the active cell.
Using the Function Wizard: The Function Wizard provides step-by-step instructions for constructing complicated formulas that require more than one cell reference. Use the Function Wizard button in the Formula Bar to access the features.
The following Excel samples -Using Excel to calculate averages and Using Excel to calculate a loan payment - use many of the features of Excel. The averaging example demonstrates how to create a formula in the formula bar, while the car loan example shows how to create a formula with the Function Wizard.
Using Excel to calculate averages: To find the average
test scores for five students, follow these steps.
Using Excel to calculate a loan payment: You can use Excel
to determine a variety of monthly payment plans for a $20000 car
at a variety of interest rates.
You can get online help in one of the following ways:
If you need help working with Excel 7.0, send e-mail to email@example.com
or call the IT Help Center at 831-6000.
Return to Microsoft Excel 7 cover page.
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URL of this document: http://www.udel.edu/topics/software/general/spreadsheet/excel7/exceltips.htm
This page is maintained by Sigurd Andersen .
Last Modified: March 1997