Title IX FAQs
Doesn’t Title IX only apply to athletic programs?
This is perhaps the most widely held misconception about Title IX. Athletics are not the only component of academic life governed by Title IX. Other areas which fall within the scope of Title IX include:
- Recruitment, Admissions, Financial Aid and Scholarships
- Course Offerings and Access
- Hiring and Retention of Employees
- Benefits and Leave
Title IX also prohibits sexual harassment which includes sexual assault, unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature.
Doesn’t Title IX apply only to discrimination against women?
Historically Title IX has been used mostly by women seeking to protect their rights; however Title IX also serves to protect the rights of men. Title IX requires that males and females receive fair and equitable treatment in all areas of education.
Does that mean that all educational activities and programs must be co-ed and open to both men and women?
No, there are instances where Title IX has specifically allows for single-sex programs in a list of categories. Religious schools, traditional men’s/women’s colleges, social fraternities/sororities, youth service organizations such as, The Boy/Girl Scouts of America, and beauty pageants are included in this list.
Does Title IX cover gender bias in academics, like in science, medicine, and engineering?
Yes, the under-representation of women in academic programs like science, technology, engineering, medicine, and mathematics may violate Title IX. Educational institutions are required to provide women in these disciplines resources, support, and promotional opportunities comparable to their male counterparts.
What are the protections for advocates for victims of Title IX?
The U.S. Supreme Court has broadened the interpretation of Title IX to protect from retaliation whistle-blowers who accuse educational institutions of sex discrimination. The court is of the opinion that reporting incidents of discrimination is integral to Title IX enforcement and would be discouraged if retaliation against those who report it goes unpunished.