Martha Kessler was an intelligence officer with the Central Intelligence
Agency from 1970 until her retirement in 2000. During her career,
she held analytic and management positions in the Directorate of
Intelligence and on the National Intelligence Council focusing on
the Middle East and South Asia.
She was the Assistant and the Acting National Intelligence Officer
(NIO) for the Near East and South Asia as well as the author of
numerous national intelligence estimates (NIEs) on Middle East issues.
She headed the Directorate's efforts on the Arab-Israeli area for
six years and was liaison with U.S. peace negotiators throughout
the Madrid peace conference process following the 1991 Gulf War.
Ms. Kessler was appointed to the National War College in 1985,
where she authored a book on Syria, publiched in 1987. She also
served as a guest scholar at the Brookings Institution from 1996
to 1998, where she published articles on Syria in the Middle East