A self-join is a query in which a table is joined (compared) to itself.  Self-joins are used to compare values in a column with other values in the same column in the same table.  One practical use for self-joins:  obtaining running counts and running totals in an SQL query.


To write the query, select from the same table listed twice with different aliases, set up the comparison, and eliminate cases where a particular value would be equal to itself.




Which customers are located in the same state (column name is Region)?  Type this statement in the SQL window:


            SELECT DISTINCT c1.ContactName, c1.Address, c1.City, c1.Region

            FROM Customers AS c1, Customers AS c2

            WHERE c1.Region = c2.Region

            AND c1.ContactName <> c2.ContactName

            ORDER BY c1.Region, c1.ContactName;

The result should look like this:

customers in same state self-join




Which customers are located in the same city?  (32 rows)