Standard 3 Resource
Conflict Between Native Americans and Colonists
Initially, white colonists
viewed Native Americans as helpful and
friendly. They welcomed the Natives
into their settlements, and the colonists
willingly engaged in trade with them.
They hoped to transform the tribes people
into civilized Christians through their
daily contacts. The Native Americans
resented and resisted the colonists'
attempts to change them. Their refusal
to conform to European culture angered
the colonists and hostilities soon broke
out between the two groups. The violence
of their confrontations with the Native
Americans resulted in a shift of English
attitudes towards other races. Colonists
blames their failure to assimilate the
Native Americans into their culture
on racial differences and began to associate
all people of color with negative characteristics.
From "White Man to
By Alden T. Vaughan
Some Native American
tribes embraced the English and their
culture because doing so brought them
prestige , wealth, and a strong military
ally. They participated in English society
by adopting their traditional skills
to meet the military needs of the colonists.
At the same time, many tribes became
dependent on their white allies to maintain
power over their tribal enemies. The
two groups maintained peaceful relations
as long as the Native Americans conformed
to English social and religious practices.
King Philip's War marked a turning point
in the colonists' acceptance of Native
Americans; they appreciated the success
of their Native allies, but they also
feared it. Their distrust of the "friendly"
tribes resulted in policies of segregation
and discriminatory laws.
From "The Search for
a Usable Indian" (1977)
By Richard R. Johnson
Task 2: List and explain possible reasons for the differences
in the interpretations that appear above.
4-5: relate answers to "the evidence presented or the
point of view of the author."
Grade 6-8: relate answers
to the historians "choice of questions and use of sources."
Grades 9-12: relate answers
to the historians' "choice of questions, use and choice
of sources, perspectives, beliefs, and points of view."
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