Ethnicity, Poverty and Latino Homicide: The Effects of Immigration on Crime

Ramiro Martinez Jr., Principal Investigator

Initiated: 1996

Funding Source: National Science Foundation

Project Summary:

This project was designed to expand homicide research. While research on violence proliferated during the 1980s and 1990s, social scientists still lacked a fundamental understanding of the socioeconomic factors that shaped Latino Homicide. This grant addressed shortcomings through the collection of data that enabled the investigator to examine the relationship between economic conditions and Latinos killed in the city of Miami, Florida between 1989-1993. The study received funds to collect data in the Homicide Investigations Unit of the City of Miami Police Department and (a) collect Miami supplemental homicide files from 1988-1993; (b) code the information into questionnaire format; and (c) enter and analyze the data. Since poverty and inequality were hypothesized to be related to homicide, these data were also merged with Bureau of the Census information and supplemented by census tract level records of income, poverty, levels of education, and population characteristics.

Select Publications:

Martinez, Ramiro. 1997. “Homicide among Miami’s Ethnic Groups: Anglos, Blacks, and Latinos in the 1990’s.” Homicide Studies May: 17-34.

Martinez, Ramiro. 1997. “Homicide Among the 1980 Mariel Refugees in Miami: Victims and Offenders.” Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Science 19: 216-228.

Martinez, Ramiro. 1997. “Facing Violent Crime among Latinos.” in Julian Samora Research Institute Working Paper Series. Ann Arbor, MI: Michigan State University.