milliner

 

Current Students

Lauren McDaniel emailLauren McDaniel
Education:
B.A., UCLA, History/Art History (2002)
M.L.I.S., UCLA, Archival Studies Specialization (2005)
M.A., Bard Graduate Center, Decorative Arts, Design History, and Material Culture (2011)
Research Interests:
American graphic design history; ephemera; advertising; printing history; modernist(ic) material culture; collections curation and management.
eportfolio

 

Michelle Everidge Anderson emailMichelle Everidge Anderson
Education:
A.B., Princeton University, Art History (2004)
M.A., Parsons School of Design/Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum, History of Decorative Arts and Design (2006)
Research Interests:
Nineteenth- and twentieth-century American social and cultural history; history of sexuality and the body; material culture and design history; race and ethnicity; consumer culture.

 

Lisa Minardi emailLisa Minardi
Education:
B.A., Ursinus College, History and Museum Studies (2004)
M.A., University of Delaware, Early American Culture (2006)
Research Interests:
Early American history, Early Republic, Atlantic world, immigration history, material culture, public history, historical archaeology, historic preservation, Pennsylvania German art and architecture.

 

Tyler Putman emailTyler Putman
Education:
B.A., Heidelberg College, Anthropology (2009)
M.A., University of Delaware/Winterthur Museum, American Material Culture (2011)
Research Interests:
Early American social history, material culture, historical archaeology, and maritime history.
CV

 

Nalleli Guillen emailNalleli Guillen
Education:
B.A., History and Anthropology, New York University (2009)
M.A., Winterthur Program in American Material Culture (2011)
M.A., American History, University of Delaware (2013)
Research Interests:
Nineteenth- and twentieth-century American social and cultural history; visual and material culture; race and ethnicity.

 

Nicole Belolan emailNicole Belolan
Education:
B.A., American Studies, The Pennsylvania State University (2007)
M.A., Winterthur Program in American Material Culture (2009)
M.A., History, University of Delaware (2012)
Research Interests:
Eighteenth- and nineteenth-century American social and cultural history; material culture; the body in everyday life; the history of disability, print culture, and the history of collecting; textiles and needlework; and public history.
Dissertation Topic:
Material culture and disability in early America
Academic Webpage:
http://www.nicolebelolan.org

 

Alyce Graham emailAlyce Graham
Education:
B.A., English Literature, Calvin College (2004)
M.A., History, Virginia Commonwealth University (2010)
Research Interests:
The early republic; theological doctrine; Masonic regalia; visible secrecy; print culture of the wondrous, fantastic, and eccentric; satirical taxidermy; and the other goods too tedious to mention...

 

Elizabeth Jones-Minsinger emailElizabeth Jones
Education:
B.A., History, Wesleyan University (2005)
M.A., Winterthur Program in American Material Culture (2009)
Research Interests:
Material culture, food history, consumption, and consumerism.

 

Alison Kreitzer emailAlison Kreitzer
Education:
B.A., History and Art History, University of Delaware (2009)
Currently A.B.D. at University of Delaware
Research Interests:
Twentieth-century social and cultural history focusing on topics of gender, technology, and sports.
Dissertation topic:
Dirt track auto racing in mid-20th century America.

 

Alessandra Wood emailAlessandra Wood
Education:
B.A., History of Art, John Hopkins University (2006)
M.A., History of Decorative Arts and Design, Parsons, The New School for Design/Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum (2009)
Currently A.B.D. at University of Delaware
Research Interests:
Nineteenth- and twentieth-century design history and material culture.
Dissertation Topic:
Exploring the link between designers and department stores during the twentieth century to understand how those relationships contributed to the changing connotations surrounding design and the designer.

 

Anne Reilly emailAnne Reilly
Education:
B.A., History, Eastern Nazarene College (2008) M.A., History, University of Delaware (2010)
Museum Studies Certificate, University of Delaware (2010)
Currently A.B.D. at University of Delaware
Research Interests:
The intersection of history and memoy; landscapes and memorials; national identity; children.
Dissertation Title:
"Birthplaces of a Nation: Public Commemoration of American Origins in the Early 20th Century"

 

Josh Probert emailJosh Probert
Education:
B.A., Political Science, Brigham Young University (2001)
M.P.A., Public Administration, Brigham Young University (2003)
M.A. Religion, Yale University (2005)
Research Interests:
American decorative arts and design and material culture of religion.
Dissertation Title:
"Gilded Religion in the Age of Tiffany, 1877-1932"

 

Laura Walikainen Rouleau emailLaura Walikainen
Education:
B.S., Social Science, Michigan Technological University (2005)
M.A., Winterthur Program in American Material Culture (2007)
Currently A.B.D. at University of Delaware
Dissertation Title:
"Private Spaces in Public Places: Exploring the Boundaries of Privacy, 1880-1930"

 

Elise Madeleine Ciregna email
Education:
B.S., Mass Communications, Boston University (1983)Elise Ciregna
A.L.M., History of Art and Architecture, Harvard University (2002)
M.A., History, University of Delaware (2004)
Currently A.B.D. at University of Delaware
Research Interests:
Material and visual culture of the US and Europe, 1700-1900; design history and decorative arts, 1700-1914.
Dissertation Title:
"The Lustrous Stone: White Marble in America, 1750-1865"
Dissertation Abstract:
Since Antiquity people have associated marble with iconic objects and architecture. In eighteenth and nineteenth-century America, marble became recognized as a fashionable and highly prized material for use in architectural decoration, interior ornamentation and commemoration. White marble cemetery monuments and architectural elements such as sculpted chimneypieces and elaborately colored and tiled floors reflected progressive taste as well as fashion and luxury. The ascendance of marble in the hierarchy of decorative stone was largely responsible for the organization, professionalization, and specialization of the stonecutting industry in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The formation and organization of the marble industry preceded the development of an American school of sculpture based on marble classical and Renaissance models, and it established the "marble works" trade, an elite branch of the stonecutting industry. Marble workers were highly skilled carvers producing carved and sculptural work. To succeed marble workers also needed the varied skills of salesman, businessman, importer, designer, and retailer for a specific luxury good. Taste and sensitivity to a customer's needs were crucial, particularly in the selection of funerary monuments. By the mid-nineteenth century, steam-powered equipment for marble work and the associated capital costs fostered the creation of mid- to large-sized firms, that could respond sensitively, flexibly and creatively to the high demand for white marble, the popularity of the rural cemetery movement, and grieving families that wanted monuments characteristic of those landscapes. The advent of even more powerful stonecutting machinery, capable of carving fine detail in highly durable granite later in the nineteenth century, was a significant contributing factor to the decline of marble and the ascendance of granite as America's dominant ornamental stone, a situation that continues today.

 

Jamie Kuhns emailJaime Kuhns
Education:
B.S., History, Radford University (1998)
M.A., History, James Madison University (2001)
Currently A.B.D. at University of Delaware
Research Interests:
Material Culture, Medical History, African American Studies, Southern History, and public history.
Dissertation Title:
"Asylum for Jim Crow: African American Mental Hospitals in the South Atlantic United States, 1865-1965"
Dissertation Abstract:
Before the Civil War, supporters of the pro-slavery argument assumed that with emancipation, the black mind would slip into mental depravity. In the years that followed Lincoln’s decree to free American slaves, Southerners believed that their earlier ideal threats of insanity had come into fruition. Because of the developing prevalence of mental illness among African-Americans, the issue of treating this sick population could no longer be ignored. For most states – in both the North and the South – governments decided to segregate their facilities, either by creating new wards, wings, or buildings to accommodate black patients. Yet four states in the South Atlantic region, including Virginia (1870), North Carolina (1880), Maryland (1913), and West Virginia (1926), created an entirely new type of institution – the "colored" insane asylum – to provide the most practical and efficient treatment for this special population. By the time of the Plessy v. Ferguson decision in 1896, the plan to separate but equally facilitate black lunatics had been in the works for fifty years in Virginia, having been initially developed in 1846 when the majority of African Americans were still enslaved by the peculiar institution. The model established at Virginia's Central Lunatic Asylum in 1870 was replicated in North Carolina during Reconstruction and in Maryland during the Progressive Era: placement of the hospital in a community with a high black population and near an urban setting, construction of buildings that were quickly over capacitated with patients suffering from insanity as well as epilepsy, tuberculosis, feeblemindedness, senility and intermixed with children and criminals deemed mentally unfit, and ill-equipped to achieve their therapeutic mission because of inadequate funding and staffing. Although these facilities were opened exclusively for a black clientele, they all employed white staff members for the higher professional positions and left all menial jobs for African-Americans. Racism also pervaded the field of psychiatry. Truly exceptional were operations at Lakin State Hospital, where every position ranging from Superintendent to attendants was held by African American employees from the day it opened. Ironically, when lawsuits in North Carolina and Maryland questioned the segregated policies in the state mental health care system (both focused on care of children) following World War II, Lakin faced a case of reverse discrimination when local white residents in Mason County argued the black staff at this hospital were not properly caring for their wards. By 1965, these four institutions integrated. Today, only Central State Hospital in Petersburg, Virginia remains open, while the State Hospital in Goldsboro, North Carolina became a smaller private psychiatric hospital, and both Crownsville in Maryland and Lakin in West Virginia closed permanently in recent years. As these hospitals fade into obscurity, it is important to unravel their origins, their existence, their mission, before they are nothing more than a distant memory. Overshadowed by studies on public schools and general hospitals, every aspect of these mental institutions, ranging from housing to medical treatment, provides yet another means of understanding how the concept of "separate but equal" largely failed. The goal of this dissertation will be to find a permanent place for the black mental asylum in the historical record.