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The University of Delaware: A History

Chapter 4 Notes


1. Wilmington Blue Hen's Chicken, January 26, 1849; George Lewis Prentiss, Union Theological Seminary (New York, 1889), 235-36.

2. Faculty meeting, March 10, 1847.

3. Trustees' minutes, July 20, August 25, September 6, and December 21, 1847.

4. Delaware College Review 2 (July 1884): 20; Powell, Education in Delaware, 112-13.

5. Powell, Education in Delaware, 109.

6. Matriculation book, 1834-1905, University Archives.

7. 1847-48 catalogue.

8. Trustees' minutes, March 1, 1848.

9. Matriculation book, University Archives; David F. Allmendinger, Paupers and Scholars: The Transformation of Student Life in Nineteenth-Century New England (New York, 1975), 8-9, 129-30. 10. W. David Baird, Peter Pitchlynn: Chief of the Choctaws
(Norman, Okla., 1972), 65-67; Angie Debo, The Rise and Fall of the Choctaw Republic (Norman, Okla., 1961), 61.

11. Baird, Pitchlynn, 66, 85; matriculation book; 1848-49 catalogue.

12. Baird, Pitchlynn, 87.

13. Lewis, University of Delaware, 64.

14. Matriculation book; Allen Wright to Mary J. Black, Union College, Schenectady, N.Y., April 30, 1850, copy in University Archives; Review, January 1886, 9.

15. Review, January 1886, 9; Debo, Choctaw Republic, 88-92, 214n, 231; Joseph B. Thoburn and Muriel H. Wright, Oklahoma: A History of the State and Its People (New York, 1929), 4:458.

16. Trustees' minutes, July 17, 1849; Wilmington Blue Hen's Chicken, July 20, 1849; 1978 Alumni Directory, xiv-xv.

17. Trustees' minutes, January 24, 1850.

18. Ibid., February 5, 1850.

19. Norton to du Pont, Newark, February 4, 1850, in Charles I. du
Pont Papers.

20. Powell, Education in Delaware, 113; National Cyclopaedia of American Biography 9 (1899): 187.

21. James Mulhern, A History of Secondary Education in Pennsylvania (reprint ed., New York, 1969), 493-95, 499-500; Elmer E. Brown, The Making of Our Middle Schools (New York, 1914), 303, 311, 313.

22. Delaware Gazette, September 28, 1847; Delaware State Journal, January 18, 22, 1850.

23. Delaware State Journal, February 15 and March 19, 1850.

24. Ibid.; Ernest John Moyne, "August Fredrik Soldan," Delaware Notes 23 (1950): 83-89.

25. Norton to du Pont, Newark, March 25, 1850, in Charles I. du Pont Papers.

26. Delaware State Journal, March 26, 1850; Delaware Gazette, March 26, 1850.

27. Delaware State Journal, April 2, 5, and 12, 1850.

28. John A. Porter to W. A. Norton, Cambridge, Mass., July 8, 1850, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1850-4.

29. W. H. Purnell, "Historical Discourse," Delaware College Rewiew, July 1884, 20.

30. No faculty minutes exist for the period from September 1847 to September 1852.

31. Trustees' minutes, May 29 and July 16, 1850.

32. Delaware State Journal, July 4, 1850; Delaware Gazette, August 6, 1850; trustees' minutes, August 19, 1850.

33. Trustees' minutes, December 18, 1849; March 26 and April 22, 1850.

34. Meigs to Epher Whitaker, Newark Depot, August 26, 1850, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1850-5.

35. Trustees' minutes, August 19, 1850.

36. Delaware State Journal, August 30, 1850; Delaware Gazette, August 30, 1850.

37. Matriculation book; Delta Phi Literary Gazette, January 11, 1851.

38. Laws of Delaware, 10:475-77. The new charter was reenacted a year later as part of the 1852 code.

39. Trustees' minutes, March 4, 1851; Lewis, University of Delaware, 72.

40. Trustees' minutes, March 4, 18, and April 7, 1851.

41. National Cyclopaedia of American Biography 26 (1937): 420-21; Walter R. Bowie, The Master of the Hill: A Biography of John Meigs (New York, 1917), 21, 26-29, 47-49.

42. Powell, Education in Delaware, 115.

43. Frederick Rudolph, The American College and University (New York, 1962), 190-92.

44. Delaware State Journal, July 22, 1851.

45. Trustees' minutes, March 18, 1851.

46. Trustees' minutes, September 17, 1851.

47. Trustees' minutes, September 17, 1851; Circular and Plan of Endowment of Delaware College (Philadelphia, 1851).

48. Laws of Delaware, 10:475-77.

49. Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1865-3; 1855-56 catalogue, 20-29; 1853 catalogue, 30.

50. Powell, Education in Delaware, 116-17. At Indiana, Kirkwood was called "the Kepler of America." Thomas D. Clark, Indiana University (Bloomington, 1970), 1:204.

51. Minnesota Horticulturist 25 (1897): 173-74; Andrew Boss, "Edward De Long Porter," and outline of Porter's life in University Archives, from University of Minnesota; M. F. Miller to Carl Franzmann, Columbia, Missouri, October 18, 1938, University Archives.

52. George M. Barnes to Thomas Y. Barnes, Delaware College, November 3, 1851, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1851-10.

53. Delta Phi Literary Gazette, January 11, 1851.

54. George to Thomas Barnes, November 3, 1851, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1851-10.

55. Henry Clay Reed, "Student Life at Delaware, 1834-1859," Delaware Notes 8 (1934): 42-43.

56. Catalogues; Reed, "Student Life," 50-51.

57. Reed, "Student Life," 55; copy of program (and of a parody) in David L. Mustard Papers, University Archives.

58. Faculty minutes, October 7 and November 8, 1852.

59. Ruthanna Hindes, George Alfred Townsend (Wilmington, 1946), 14.

60. S. Crawford Brinckle to Anna [Brinckle], Newark, September 2, 1854, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1854-28.

61. David Lewis Mustard, diary, November 10, 1852, in Mustard Papers.

62. Delta Phi Star, June 3, 1854.

63. Joseph Cleaver, Jr., "Diary of a Student at Delaware College, 1853-1854," ed. William D. Lewis, Delaware Notes 24 (1951): 44, 45, 55.

64. Cleaver, "Diary," 47.

65. Ibid., 1, 12, 66, 69-70.

66. Edward N. Vallandigham, Fifty Years of Delaware College, 1870-1920 (Newark [1920]), 113.

67. Cleaver, "Diary," passim.

68. Ibid, 47.

69. Ibid., passim.

70. Delaware State Journal, July 9, 23, and 27, 1852. Both Ross and Holcomb were well-to-do farmers. Holcomb was a vice-president of the United States Agricultural Society. Scharf, History of Delaware, 435.

71. Delaware Gazette, April 2, 1852.

72. Trustees' minutes, October 5, 1852.

73. Ibid., November 1, 1852.

74. Delaware State Journal, July 27, 1852; trustees' minutes, October 5 and November 1, 1852.

75. Trustees' minutes, March 29 and July 20, 1853.

76. The catalogues and other records give conflicting numbers of students. Apparently in the catalogues everyone is counted who came to the institution during the year.

77. Trustees' minutes, March 28, 1854.

78. Ibid., July 18, 1854; March 27, 1855.

79. National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, 4:349-50; Raymond S. Dugan, "Daniel Kirkwood," Dictionary of American Biography.

80. Daniel Kirkwood to John F. Frazer, July 11, 1854, in Frazer Papers, American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia; trustees' minutes, March 27, 1855; Powell, Education in Delaware, 117.

81. "A Note on Campus Journalism," Alumni News, May 1934, 27.

82. Our Sunbeam 1 (December 1855): 12; Delaware Weekly Republican, November 6, 1856.

83. Faculty minutes, June 11 and 25, 1855; trustees' minutes, July 3, 1855.

84. Faculty minutes, April 14, 1856; Delaware State Journal, July 11, 1856.

85. House Journal, 1855, 135; Laws of Delaware, 11;204.

86. Rathmell Wilson to Charles I. du Pont, Philadelphia, February 2, 1855, Charles I. du Pont and Company Papers, Eleutherian Mills Historical Library, Greenville, Del.

87. Faculty minutes, March 5, 12, and 26, 1855; trustees' minutes, March 27, 1855.

88. Trustees' minutes, March 25, July 2, and October 16, 1856; Daniel Kirkwood to John Warner, October 7, 1856, in Warner Papers, American Philosophical Society.

89. George H. Ryden, "The Suspension of Delaware College," Delaware Notes 8 (1934): 76n; W. L. Montague, ed., Biographical Record of the Alumni of Amherst College, 1821-1871 (Amherst, 1883).

90. Trustees' minutes, July 2 and November 11, 1856; faculty minutes, May 12, 19, 26, June 2, 1856.

91. Trustees' minutes, July 2, October 16, and November 11, 1856.

92. Powell, Education in Delaware, 136; Lewis, University of Delaware, 72-73; trustees' minutes, July 2 and November 11, 1856; March 24, 1857.

93. House Journal, 1857, 7, 10-12.

94. Ibid., 101, 125, 147, 179; Henry C. Conrad, History of Delaware (Wilmington, 1908), 1:194; Delaware Gazette, February 13, 17, 20, 24, 27, 1857.

95. House Journal, 1857, 184, 237, 247-48; Delaware Gazette, March 3, 1857.

96. Trustees' minutes, March 24, 1857; April 15, 1858.

97. The best and most complete account of this incident is Richard C. Quick, "Murder at Delaware College: The Death of John Edward Roach, March 30, 1858," Delaware Notes 31 (1958): 1-31. There is a good brief account in Lewis, University of Delaware, 64-67.

98. The source for the story of Weaver's death is secondhand, being Handy and Vallandigham, Newark, 50. The very effective Speech of David Paul Brown, Delivered May 19, 1858, in the Case of the State of Delaware against Isaac N. Weaver was published in Philadelphia in 1858. Several newspaper accounts of the trial are conveniently assembled in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, scattered items under 1858.

99. Trustees' minutes, June 30, 1857.

100. Ibid., November 11, 1857; July 6 and August 17, 1858.

101. Ibid., June 30, 1857.

102. Delaware Republican, September 17, 1857.

103. Ibid., October 22, 1857.

104. Ibid., November 19, 1857.

105. Kate G. Platt to David L. Mustard, Newark, October 27, November 20, 1856, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, items 1856-41, 45; trustees' minutes, July 6, 1858; Wilmington Every Evening, June 19, 1884; Delaware College Review 2 (July 1884): 10.

106. Delaware Weekly Republican, November 19, 1854; trustees' minutes, July 6, 1858.

107. Samuel M. Harrington, Jr., Valedictory Oration Delivered at Delaware College...July 1, 1858 (Philadelphia, 1858).

108. Broadside announcement, August 1858, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1858-23; Charles H. Hart, Memoir of Samuel Stehman Haldeman, LL.D. (Philadelphia, 1881); Edward P. Cheyney and Ellis P. Oberholtzer, University of Pennsylvania (Illustrated) (Boston, 1901), 1:348.

109. Delta Phi Gazette, October 1858, and undated, unsigned manuscript note, probably part of a Gazette, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item, 1858-26, 1859-1.

110. Trustees' minutes, January 18, 1859; Ryden, "Suspension of Delaware College," 76.

111. Trustees' minutes, March 30, 1859.

112. Ibid., July 6, 1858; January 18, 1859; March 28, 1860.

113. Ibid., March 30, 1859; Lewis, University of Delaware, 76-78.

114. MS. note in Rathmell Wilson Papers, Morris Library.

115. Wilson did participate in local politics to a limited degree. He was elected from White Clay Creek Hundred to a state constitutional convention in 1852, but with two other Whigs withdrew because they thought the convention was called illegally. He was also an official of an anti-war mass meeting at Dover in June 1861. Scharf, History of Delaware, 1:315, 342; John A. Munroe, History of Delaware (Newark, 1979), 122.