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The University of Delaware: A History

Chapter 3 Notes


1. Trustees' minutes, May 8, 1834.

2. John Holmes Agnew, Inaugural Address, 3.

3. Trustees' minutes, May 8, 1834.

4. Agnew, Inaugural Address, passim.

5. Trustees' minutes, September 25, 1833; April 17, 1834; ledger, 1833-79, 1, University Archives.

6. Delaware Gazette, April 1, 1834.

7. Harvard University, Quinquennial Catalogue of the Officers and Graduates, 1636-1930 (Cambridge, 1930), 230; Harold F. Worthley (librarian, Congregational Library) to John M. Clayton, Jr., Boston, December 18, 1980, University Archives.

8. Reed, Alumni Record, Dickinson College, 71; Knickerbocker 64 (1864): 289-91; Frank Luther Mott, A History of American Magazines, 1741-1850 (New York, 1930), 1:306n, 308; Burke A. Hensdale, History of the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor, 1906), 223.

9. William G. Whiteley, address before Athenaean Society, July 3, 1875, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1872-1; trustees' minutes, July 9, 1834; Nelson Z. Graves, answer to questionnaire, 1855, Union College Archives, Schenectady N.Y. (kindness of Ellen H. Fladger, archivist).

10. Faculty minutes, May 12, 1834; George P. Schmidt, The Liberal Arts College: A Chapter in American Cultural History (New Brunswick, N.J., 1957), 152.

11. List of students is in University Archives.

12. Trustees' minutes, March 27, 1834.

13. Ibid., May 8, 1834.

14. Faculty minutes, September 1 and 2, 1834; Lyman Powell, History of Education in Delaware (Washington, 1893), 97; Handy and Vallandigham, Newark, 32; Lewis, University of Delaware, 37.

15. Trustees' minutes, September 22-23, 1834.

16. Ibid., March 27, April 17, and May 8, 1834. There is no known relationship between Principal Nathan Munroe and the author of this book.

17. Ibid., September 22-23, 1834.

18. Ibid., October 9, 1834.

19. Powell, Education in Delaware, 101.

20. Sprague, Annals of the American Pulpit, 4:598-600.

21. The Aurora '99 (Newark, 1898), 100.

22. Sprague, Annals of the American Pulpit, 4:596; [Benjamin Wallace], "Dr. Gilbert," Presbyterian Quarterly Review 7 (1853); 358-83.

23. [Wallace], "Dr. Gilbert," 374-75.

24. Trustees' minutes, October 9 and November 6, 1834; March

26, 1835.

25. Ibid., April 20, 1835.

26. Typed note from Princess Anne Village Herald, June 9, 1835, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1835-6. 27. Petition from Willard Hall for the Academy trustees, January 15, 1835, Legislative Papers, Delaware State Archives; Laws of Delaware, 8:353-54.

28. James McLachlan, "The Choice of Hercules: American Student Societies in the Early 19th Century," in The University in Society, vol.2, ed. Lawrence Stone (Princeton, 1974), 472.

29. William G. Whiteley, Athenaean address, July 3, 1872, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1872-1; Powell, Education in Delaware, 131; Handy and Vallandigham, Newark, 55-56; Lewis, University of Detaware, 39-40.

30. Faculty minutes, November 17, 1834.

31. Lewis, Delaware University Archives, items 1835-3 and 1835-9.

32. Faculty minutes, November 17, 1834.

33. Augustus H. Able and William D. Lewis, "The Library Story (1833-1953)," Delaware Notes 26 (1953): 78.

34. William D. Lewis, "The Library, 1834-1934," Alumni News, May 1934, 29; trustees' minutes, May 8 and July 9, 1834; conversation with Dr. Sypherd.

35. Garrett, "Delaware College Lotteries," 305, 310-11; Laws of Delaware, 8:393; contract dated April 10, 1835, copy in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1835-4.

36. Trustees' minutes, April 20, 1835; Henry J. Whiteley to H. M. Ridgely, June 16, 1835, in Ridgely Calendar, 2:250.

37. Alfred P. Robinson to Peter Robinson, Newark, June 22, 1835, copy in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1835-7.

38. Trustees' minutes, June 23, 1835; Garrett, "Delaware College Lotteries," 306; Handy and Vallandigham, Newark, 42.

39. Willard Hall to Samuel McKean, Wilmington, July 28, 1835, copy in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1835-8; trustees' minutes, August 11 and October 9, 1835.

40. Trustees' minutes, September 23, 1835.

41. Trustees' minutes, October 9 and November 13, 1835; faculty minutes, October 28, 1835; Alfred P. Robinson to Peter Robinson, Newark, June 22, 1835, copy in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1835-7.

42. University of Pennsylvania, Biographical Catalogue of Matriculates (1894), 49; Powell, Education in Delaware, 103; Alan W. Brown, Hobart College, Oldest Episcopal College in U. S.A., Newcomen Lecture (1956) 14; trustees' meeting, October 9, 1835.

43. Trustees'minutes, April 25 and October 9, 1835; 1837-38 catalogue, 11.

44. Isaiah D. Clauson, Memoranda of My Life (Woodstown, N.J. 1877), 14.

45. Trustees' minutes, October 9, 1834; 1837-38 catalogue, 8-10.

46. 1837-38 catalogue, 11-12, 14.

47. Powell, h'ducation tn Delaware, 104; trustees' minutes, April 1, 1840; 1837-38 catalogue, 15; dournal of the Franklin Institute 17 (1836): 312 (copy in Lewis, I)elaware University Archives, item 1836-3). See also a new history of the library by Carol E. Hoffecker and John A. Munroe, Books, Bricks & Bibliophiles: The Uniuersity of Delaware Library (Newark, 1984).

48. Susan P. Lee, Memoirs of William Nelson Pendleton, D.D. (Philadelphia, 1893), 30, 55, 62, 68-73; Diaries of Phoebe George Bradford, 18.?2-1839, ed. W. Emerson Wilson (Wilmington, 1976), 52; American Quarterly Regtster 11 (November 1838): 172.

49. Powell, Education in Delaware, 108; Who Was Who in America: Historical Volume, I607-I896; James Dallett, University of Pennsylvania, Society of Alumni.

50. Russell Henry Chittenden, History of the Sheffield Scientific School of Yale University, 1846-1922 (New Haven, Conn., 1928), 61-62; George W. Cullum, Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U. S. Military Academy at West Point... (New York, 1868), 1:381-82.

51. Powell, Education tn Delaware, 106; George Alien, Remains of William S. Graham, with a MemoLr (Philadelphia, 1849).

52. Mason, inaugural Address, 23-24.

53. 1837-38 catalogue, 15.

54. Trustees' minutes, September 25, 1837; September 22, 1840; Powell, Education in Delaware, 103-4.

55. Trustees' minutes, September 25, 1837; 1837-38 catalogue, 11.

56. Trustees' minutes, September 26 and October 2, 1838; April 1, May 2, September 26, and October 21, 1839; April 7, July 9, and October 12, 1840.

57. Semi-annual reports of the president in the trustees' minutes.

58. Trustees' minutes, September 25, 1837; September 22, 1840.

59. Trustees' minutes, September 25 and 26, 1839.

60. Ibid., April 1, 1840.

61. Ibid., September 22-23, 1840.

62. Ibid., October 12, 1840.

63. Lee, Pendleton, 68.

64. The preparatory department had probably been moved out of the college. In the fall of 1839 the executive committee had been authorized to fit up a "Mr. Sherer's house" for this department. Trustees' minutes, October 1, 1839.

65. The members of the first graduating class were Erastus B. Foote, William S. Graham, Alexander T. Gray, and John Martin. Two of them, Foote and Graham, were soon employed as tutors.

66. Faculty minutes, February 8, 1839; trustees' minutes, June 23 and November 13, 1835; April 25 and June 24, 1836; April 1, 1839.

67. Trustees' minutes, October 1 2, 1840. Of. Lizzie Groome to Annie Ridgely, October 18 [1840], in Ridgely Calendar, 2:329.

68. Handy and Vallandigham, Newark, 43; trustees' minutes, November 27, 1840.

69. Laws of Delaware, 8:283.

70. E.W. Gilbert to Rev. C. H. Mustard, Wilmington, March 5, 1841, MS. in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1841-3.

71. George M. Marsden, The Evangelical Mind and the New School Presbyterian Experience (New Haven, Conn., 1970), xi, 30.

72. Trustees' minutes, November 27, 1840; petition by committee of the trustees, Dover, January 28, 1841, Legislative Papers.

73. Laws of Delaware, 9:322, 392.

74. Andrew Gray, "Newark College, No. 2," in Delaware State Journal, May 5, 1843.

75. Trustees' minutes, April 6 and September 22, 1841.

76. Ibid., March 29 and September 27, 1842.

77. A list of honorary degrees appears on page xii of the University of Delaware Alumni Directory, 1978. The two D.D.'s granted in 1845 were to men from London. Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1845-5.

78. Gilbert to unknown, Newark, September 29, 1842, in Gratz Autograph Collection, Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

79. Gilbert to C.H. Mustard, Wilmington, March 5, 1841, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1841-3.

80. Faculty minutes, September 15, 18, 19; October 6; November 30, 1845; January 15, 19; February 3, 1846; Allen, Remains of William S. Graham, 98.

81. Faculty minutes, October 13, 1845.

82. Trustees' minutes, April 6, 1841.

83. Powell, Education in Delaware, 107-9.

84. Trustees' minutes, April 6 and September 22, 28, 1842.

85. Powell, Education in Delaware, 110.

86. Trustees' minutes, April 2, 1844.

87. Laws of Delaware, 9: 465-66; "Delaware College and the Legislature," Delaware State Journal, April 14, 1843.

88. Powell, Education in Delaware, 107-10; Epher Whitaker, "From the Oldest Alumnus," Alumni News, January 1915, 7-8.

89. Allen, Remains of William S. Graham, 47-49; Powell, Education in Delaware, 101l; [Benjamin Wallace], "Dr. Gilbert," Presbyterian Quarterly Review 7 (December 1853): 375.

90. Powell, Education in Delaware, 110.

91. Ibid.; Alumni News, May 1934, p. 40; 1843-44 catalogue.

92. Trustees' minutes, September 22, 1841; Allen, Remains of William S. Graham, 96.

93. Trustees' minutes, September 27, 1842; April 4, 1843.

94. Trustees' minutes, September 26, 1843. The relationship of this music teacher to the famous Lowell Mason (1792-1872) or to Luther Whiting Mason (1828-96), also a music teacher, is unknown.

95. Ernest John Moyne, "Did Edgar Allan Poe Lecture at Newark Academy?" Delaware Notes 26 (1953): 6-7, 14-19.

96. Faculty minutes, February 9, 16; July 6, 13; December 6, 1846; trustees' minutes, March 10 and December 15, 1846.

97. Alumni News, May 1934, 40; Blue Hen, 1911, 21; Delaware Gazette, July 2, 1847.

98. Trustees' minutes, September 26, 1843; July 21, 1847.

99. Originals in the George W. Bagby Papers, Virginia Historical Society, Richmond; Who Was Who in America, 1607-1896.

100. Undated manuscript, "To the Editor of the Athenaean," in Bagby Papers. William Lewis stated that in 1845 there were two other manuscript papers, The Bitter Pill and The Mirror, William D. Lewis, "Henry W. Lister," Delaware Notes 18 (1945), 14, 16.

101. Lewis, "Henry W. Lister," 18-19; trustees' minutes, June 24, 1845.

102. E.W. Gilbert to legislature, in answer to Andrew Gray's memorial, February 21, 1843, Legislative Papers.

103. Matthew Robinson to Dr. Moreau Forrest, Newark, January 13, 1845 [should be 1843], copy in University Archives from Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore. Cf. William D. Hoyt, Jr., "A Student's Impressions of Newark College 105 Years Ago," Delaware History 2 (September 1947): 134-36.

104. Trustees' minutes, December 12, 1846; John M. Clayton to Joseph P. Comegys, New Castle, January 6, 1843, in Buck Collection, Historical Society of Delaware.

105. Garrett, "Delaware College Lotteries," 308, 312, 316; E. W. Gilbert to Charles I. du Pont, Newark, December 23, 1842, in Charles I. du Pont Papers, Eleutherian Mills Historical Library, Greenville, Delaware; trustees' minates, July 16, 1844; May 4, July 20, 1847.

106. Trustees' minutes, April 6, 1841.

107. Trustees' minutes, September 26, 1843.

108. Thomas Blandy to Andrew Gray, with enclosure to E. W. Gilbert, Newark, December 5, 1842, in Legislative Papers, Delaware State Archives.

109. Clayton to Joseph P. Comegys, New Castle, January 6, 1843, in Buck Collection, Historical Society of Delaware; E. W. Gilbert to Charles I. du Pont, Newark, December 23, 1842, in Charles I. du Pont Papers.

110. E. W. Gilbert to Charles I. du Pont, Newark, February 9, 1843, in Charles I. du Pont Papers.

111. Gilbert to du Pont, February 10, 1843; memorial of Gilbert to General Assembly, February 10, 1843, in Legislative Papers, Delaware State Archives.

112. Obituary of Lydia Monro Gilbert in Delaware State Journal, February 24, 1843.

113. Memorial of Andrew Gray to General Assembly, February 14, 1843, in Legislative Papers.

114. E. W. Gilbert to Charles I. du Pont, Newark, January 10, 1843, in Charles I. du Pont Papers; Delaware State Journal, January 10 and 13, 1843.

115. Delaware State Journal, January 20, 1843. Cf. ibid., January 27, February 7, 10, 1843.

116. Delaware State Journal, March 31, 1843; Charles I. du Pont to his wife, February 26, 1843, in Ridgely Collection, folder 48, Delaware State Archives.

117. Petition of Delaware College faculty, February 16, 1843, in Legislative Papers; Laws of Delaware, 9:532-33.

118. Delaware State Journal, May 5, 9, 1843. Cf. also issues of April 11, 28, May 12, 19, 1843.

119. Trustees' minutes, December 15, 1846.

120. Faculty minutes, March 10, 15, 22; May 7, 1847; trustees' minutes, July 20, August 25, September 6, 1847.

121. Laws of Delaware, 10:120-21; Delaware Gazette, February 16, 19, 23, 1847; petition to assembly from James Thompson and others, February 22, 1847, in Legislative Papers; Thomas J. Peterman, "A History of Saint Mary's College, Wilmington, Delaware" (M.A. thesis, Villanova University, 1961), 26-35, 82.

122. Delaware Gazette, March 5, 1847; C. I. du Pont to E. W. Gilbert, draft [1847], in Ridgely Collection, folder 96. Cf. W. Emerson Wilson, "Delaware College Was Denounced as Squandering Prodigal," Wilmington News-Journal, September 11, 1976.

123. Powell, Education in Delaware, 82-83; Henry Schwaneger, "History of Higher Education in Delaware," 121-23.

124. Laws of Delaware, 9:551; 10:103; faculty minutes, January 9, 1843; E. W. Gilbert to Charles I. du Pont, Newark, January 10, 1843; Schwaneger, "Higher Education in Delaware," 146-49; Scharf, History of Delaware, 2:685, 897; Delaware Gazette, February 26, 1847, act to incorporate the Wilmington Literary Institute, February 28, 1843, and supplement, January 13, 1847, in Enrolled Bills, Legislative Papers, Delaware State Archives.

125. Delaware Gazette, April 9, 23, 30; May 7, 25; June 18; July 2, 1847.

126. Schwaneger, "Higher Education in Delaware," 147-48; C. A. Weslager, Brandywine Springs: The Rise and Fall of a Delaware Resort (Wilmington, 1949), 49-53.

127. Powell, Education in Delaware, 3-84; Louise M. Porter, "The Wesleyan Female College, Wilmington, Delaware, 1837-1885" (M.A. thesis, University of Delaware, 1958), 7; act to incorporate the Wesleyan Female Collegiate Institute, February 2, 1841, in Enrolled Bills, Legislative Papers, Delaware State Archives.

128. Trustees' minutes, May 4, 1847.

129. Dictionary of American Biography, VII, "Gilbert, Eliphalet Wheeler"; [Benjamin Wallace], "Dr. Gilbert," Presbyterian Quarterly Review 7 (December 1853): 366.

130. Commencement program, July 21, 1847, University Archives; Delaware Gazette, July 27, 1847.