Dr. Laurence S. Kalkstein is a Senior Research
Fellow in the University of Delaware’s Center for Climatic Research.
He received his undergraduate degree from Rutgers University and his Masters
and Ph.D. from Louisiana State University.
Dr. Kalkstein and his team have also been involved
in the development of various weather indices for use in applied climatological
analysis. These include air mass-based synoptic classifications
and the development of a relative climatological index, the "Heat Stress
Index" (funded by NOAA/National Climatic Data Center). As a consultant
for Combe, Inc. he has developed summer and winter dry skin indices, as
well as sting and chap forecasts, which are posted daily on the web.
In addition, Dr. Kalkstein and his colleagues
at the Synoptic Climatology Laboratory are embarking on research with
the US EPA to develop cool initiatives to lower urban structural temperatures
with the hope of saving the lives of people vulnerable to heat stress.
He is also working with the EPA to develop a standardized set of intervention
measures for cities when heat emergencies are called.
| Dr. Kalkstein has established a Collaborating
Centre status between his University and the United Nations Environment
Programme (UNEP) and a similar collaborative agreement has been developed
with the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). The Collaborating
Centre agreement involves the construction of heat/health watch warning
systems for several international cities known as the "Showcase Projects".
The first two selected cities are Rome and Shanghai, and their systems
are currently in operation. Dr. Kalkstein and his colleagues have
developed several more systems over the past year for major Italian cities.
As a result, the WMO appointed Dr. Kalkstein leader of its expert team on
operational heat/health warnings. The team will concentrate on technology
transfer to vulnerable cities around the world.
Dr. Kalkstein is president of the International Society of Biometeorology, the largest biometeorological organization in the world. The ISB deals with wide-ranging research involving the impact of weather upon animals, plants, and particularly human health and well-being. For example, the Synoptic Climatology Laboratory is conducting research for the US Forest Service to determine the meteorological causes for the spread of a pine fungus in the Rocky Mountains, a project perfectly suited for the ISB.
Throughout his career, he has published well over 100 peer-reviewed manuscripts and book chapters in leading climatological, geographical, and medical journals and has been editor for two major climatological journals: Climate Research and the International Journal of Biometeorology.