FES and Biomechanics: Treatment of Movement Disorders
Director: Dr. Thomas Buchanan
Co-Director: Dr. Stuart Binder-Macleod
This multi-investigator project
combines resources from four professors of Mechanical Engineering and three
professors of Physical Therapy through our newly organized Center for
Biomedical Engineering Research at the University of Delaware. The five-year
goal of this project is to assist patients with CNS dysfunction to produce
improved walking patterns through a combination of functional electrical
§ Non-risk--Maximize postural stability
§ Injury--Minimize musculoskeletal Injury (e.g., arthritis) during movement
§ Cosmesis--Develop a more natural looking gait
§ Energy-Minimize metabolic energy consumption during movement.
The "NICE" optimization protocol will be realized through musculoskeletal modeling, robotic assistance, functional electrical stimulation, and neuromuscular training. The specific task we will study will be partial body weight suspension gait on a treadmill. The organization of this project has been divided into 3 distinct aims, which may be summarized as follows.
· Aim 1: Identify impairments in the locomotor patterns of the lower extremity in patients with hemiparetic stroke and create a paradigm to optimize the movement patterns ("NICE" optimization). This will be accomplished through biomechanical modeling using gait analysis and electromyographic data.
· Aim 2: Develop the methods and equipment ("NICE" rehabilitation system) necessary to implements the "NICE" optimization of locomotion in patients with stroke. We will achieve this through the use of a robotic device and an electrical stimulation system.
Aim 3: Test the feasibility of the use of
the "NICE" rehabilitation system in patients with hemiparetic
stroke and make adjustments to the system based on the patient trials. Our
ten-year goal is to produce a portable (wearable)
In August, 2002, CBER received a Biomedical
Research Partnership award from the National Institutes of Health for a project
Last Updated 1/13/2005