FES and Biomechanics: Treatment of Movement Disorders

Director: Dr. Thomas Buchanan

Co-Director: Dr. Stuart Binder-Macleod

 

This multi-investigator project combines resources from four professors of Mechanical Engineering and three professors of Physical Therapy through our newly organized Center for Biomedical Engineering Research at the University of Delaware. The five-year goal of this project is to assist patients with CNS dysfunction to produce improved walking patterns through a combination of functional electrical stimulation (FES), robotic-assistive training and biomechanical modeling. In the first phase of this project, which is described in this proposal, the focus will be on individuals with stroke exhibiting hemiparetic leg impairment. The technique should be generalizable to a variety of neurological impairments. The movements for these individuals will be improved or "optimized" in four ways:

 

           Non-risk--Maximize postural stability

 

           Injury--Minimize musculoskeletal Injury (e.g., arthritis) during movement

 

           Cosmesis--Develop a more natural looking gait

 

           Energy-Minimize metabolic energy consumption during movement.

 

The "NICE" optimization protocol will be realized through musculoskeletal modeling, robotic assistance, functional electrical stimulation, and neuromuscular training. The specific task we will study will be partial body weight suspension gait on a treadmill. The organization of this project has been divided into 3 distinct aims, which may be summarized as follows.

 

        Aim 1: Identify impairments in the locomotor patterns of the lower extremity in patients with hemiparetic stroke and create a paradigm to optimize the movement patterns ("NICE" optimization). This will be accomplished through biomechanical modeling using gait analysis and electromyographic data.

 

        Aim 2: Develop the methods and equipment ("NICE" rehabilitation system) necessary to implements the "NICE" optimization of locomotion in patients with stroke. We will achieve this through the use of a robotic device and an electrical stimulation system.

 

        Aim 3: Test the feasibility of the use of the "NICE" rehabilitation system in patients with hemiparetic stroke and make adjustments to the system based on the patient trials. Our ten-year goal is to produce a portable (wearable) FES system to assist patients with CNS dysfunction in the production of coordinated movements.

 

BRP Addition:

        In August, 2002, CBER received a Biomedical Research Partnership award from the National Institutes of Health for a project entitled "FES and Biomechanics: Treating Movement Disorders." This five-year, $3.1 million research grant provides funding to help patients with strokes learn to walk sooner. It involves functional electrical stimulation, rehabilitation robotics, and musculoskeletal modeling (see article for details).

 

Link to relevant publications

Stuart Binder-Macleod's Homepage | Physical Therapy Homepage| UD Homepage

E-mail Dr. Stuart Binder Macleod

 

 

 

 

Last Updated 1/13/2005