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The University of Delaware: A History

Chapter 6 Notes

1. Every Evening, July 14 and 15, 1885.

2. Harter, "Memories of Delaware," 107.

3. Every Euening, July 14, 1885; Reed, Alumni Record, Dickinson College, 437; Powell, Education in Delaware, 124-125; Review 4 (October, 1885); T. Conn Bryan, Confederate Georgia (Athens, 1953), 212; Jacqueline Jones, Soldiers of Light and Love: Northern Teachers and Southern Blacks, I865-1873 (Chapel Hill, N.C., 1980), 54, 78; Elizabeth S. Nathans, Losing the Peace: Georgia Republicans and Reconstruction, 1865-1871 (Baton Rouge, La., 1968), 20-21, 128; George G. Smith, The History of Georgia Methodism from 1786 to 1866 (Atlanta, 1913), 263; The Journal of Andrew Leary O'Brien (Athens, Ga., 1946), 54, 75; John H. Caldwell, Reminiscences of the Reconstruction of Church and State in Georgia (Wilmington, 1895), 3, 5-6, 9-11, 18.

4. Lewis, University of Delaware, 111.

5. Review 4 (October 1885); 4 (December 1885); 5 (November 1886).

6. Powell, Education in Delaware, 135.

7. Review 4 (October 1885); 4 (December 1885); 4 (February1886); 4 (March 1886); 4 (April 1886); faculty minutes, April 14, 15, 1886; trustees' minutes, June 15, 1886; Wilmington Morning News, June 16, 1886.

8. Delta Phi Star, Nov. 11, 1885; Review 4 (January 1886); 5(March 1887); Delta Phi Gazette, May 15, 1886.

9. Faculty minutes, December 14, 1885; December 12, 1887; Review 4 (February 1886); 4 (March 1886); 5 (October 1886); 5 (December 1886); trustees' minutes, March 23, 1886; President's Report, March 27, 1888, in Purnell Scrapbook, Mrs. Clyde Cox.

10. Review 4 (February 1886); 4 (June 1886); trustees' minutes, June 14, 1887; President's Report, March 27, 1888, in Purnell Scrapbook.

11. Faculty minutes, June 12, 1886; Wilmington Morning News, June 17, 1886; Review 4 (June 1886); 4 (July 1886).

12. Charles M. Curtis to John W. Houston, Wilmington, July 5, 1887, copy in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, items 1887-2; trustees' minutes, June 14, 1887; faculty minutes, May 2, 1887; Review 5 (July 1887).

13. Faculty minutes, June 6, September 19, October 3, and November 1, 1887; Review 4 (June 1886); 5 (April 1887).

14. Trustees' minutes, March 22, April 6, June 14, and July 7, 1887; W. Emerson Wilson, "Commencement Ball Had U. of D. in Turmoil," undated Wilmington Morning News clipping in University Archives, G. Arno Loessner Papers.

15. Wilson, "Commencement Ball," ibid.

16. Trustees' minutes, March 27, 1888.

17. John A. Munroe, "Albert Newton Raub and the Administration of Delaware College, 1888-1896," Delaware Notes 20 (1948): 4-5.

18. Reed, Alumni Record, Dickinson College, 211; trustees' minutes, May 8, June 19, 1888.

19. Munroe, "Raub," 3; H. Clay Reed, ed., Delaware: A History of the First State (New York, 1947), 3: 540-42.

20. Academy minutes, June 22, 1888.

21. 1890 catalogue; academy minutes, March 20, 1890.

22. Trustees' minutes, May 8, June 19, and August 14, 1888.

23. Ibid., September 24, 1888; March 25 and December 4, 1890; June 16, 1891; June 18, 1895; March 23, 1896.

24. National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, 8:189-90; trustees' minutes, May 8, August 14, and September 24, 1888; March 26, 1889; Powell, Education in Delaware, 135; John C. Higgins, "Dr. Arthur T. Neale," Proceedings...of the Delaware State Grange, 1917, 34-35.

25. Wilmington Morning News, March 25, 1899; trustees' minutes, March 24, 1891.

26. Morning News, March 25, 1899; Frederic Robinson, Reminiscences (1916).

27. President Raub's report, March 26, 1889, in Evans Papers, 8352; faculty minutes, February 25, 1889; trustees' minutes, March 26 and June 18, 1889; June 17-18, 1890; Francis A. Cooch, "College Life, 1889-1893," Alumni News (May 1934): 12; Review 7 (November 1890); 7 (February 1891); Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1904-3; George L. Brown to Francis G. du Pont, Newark, June 24, August 17, 26, 1890, in Francis G. du Pont Papers, Eleutherian Mills.

28. Trustees' minutes, June 18, 1889; March 25, 1890; June 16, 1891; Cooch, "College Life," 11; Review 9 (November 1892).

29. Trustees' minutes, March 24, 1891; Review 8 (April 1892).

30. Trustees' minutes, March 24, May 29, and July 14, 1891; June 14, 1892.

31. Laws of Delaware, 19:248, 549, 551, 742; Manlove Hayes, "Reminiscences," Junior Annual, 1908, 9.

32. Trustees' minutes, June 16 and July 14, 1891; Review 9 (November 1892); Augustus Henry Able III and William Ditto Lewis, "The Library Story (1833-1953)," Delaware Notes 26 (1953): 85; Cooch, "College Life," 13, 16.

33. Trustees' minutes, March 22, June 14, 1892; A. N. Raub, report to U.S. Bureau of Education, March 18, 1895, in Raub Papers, Reports and Accounts, 1890-95, University Archives, p. 39.

34. Cooch, "College Life," 11, 16; Munroe, "Albert Newton Raub," 7-9; trustees' minutes, June 17-18, 1890; President Raub's report, March 29, 1889, in Evans Papers, 8352.

35. Review 8 (April 1892): 100; President's Report, July 25, 1892, in Raub Papers, 9; trustees' minutes, June 20, 1892; September 12, 1894; March 23, 1896; faculty minutes, March 13 and May 27, 1894.

36. Faculty minutes, November 25, 1889; T. Elbert Chance, "History of Football," 1-2 (typescript in University Archives).

37. Chance, "History of Football," 1-2; Vallandigham, Fifty Years, 143; Cooch, "College Life," 12; Review 7 (October 1890); 9 (April 1893).

38. Faculty minutes, November 3, 1891; October 1, 1894; April 6, 1896; Review 11 (November 1894); 11 (January 1895); 11 (February, 1895).

39. Review 12 (November 1895); 12 (December 1895); 13 (October 1896); 13 (November 1896).

40. Faculty minutes, September 16, 1889; Review 7 (January 1891); 7 (February 1891); 7 1 (March 1891); 11 (April 1895); 11 (May 1895); 11 (June 1895); 12 (March 1896); 13 (October 1896); 13 (November 1896).

41. Trustees' minutes, August 14, 1888.

42. President's Report, June 7, 1890, in Evans Papers, 5478; Review 7 (February 1891).

43. Trustees' minutes, March 22, 1892; March 23, 1896; Laws of Delaware, 19:185; 1894 and 1895 catalogues.

44. Trustees' minutes, March 27 and May 9, 1894.

45. Powell, Education in Delaware, 133; trustees' minutes, March 28 and June 20, 1893; March 27, 1894.

46. Faculty minutes, April 15, 1889; trustees' minutes, May 9, 1894.

47. Trustees' minutes, June meetings, 1892-96; President's Report, July 25, 1892, in Raub Papers; House Journal, 1891, p. 21.

48. Trustees' minutes, March 23, 1896; Vallandigham, Fifty Years, 5:3.

49. Trustees' minutes, March 23 and June 16, 1896; Vallandigham, Fifty Years, 53.

50. Harter's report to board [March 22, 1897], in Raymond Dill Collection, University Archives, folder 37; trustees' minutes, May 27and June 16, 1896.

51. Junior Annual, 1908, 37; letter from Phebe R. Jacobsen, Maryland Hall of Records, Annapolis, June 5, 1981; Harter to Webster Blades, March 16, 1909, in Harter Papers, 10:15-16, University Archives. Unless otherwise noted, all other Harter correspondence cited can be found in the Harter Papers.

52. Faculty minutes, September 2, 1896.

53. Review 13 (October 1896).

54. Ibid.; trustees' minutes, June 15, 1897; Harter's report [March 22, 1897], in Dill Collection, folder 37.

55. "A Note on Campus Journalism," Alumni News, May 1934, 27-28; Review 27 (December 1910): 16ff.

56. Frederic Robinson, Reminiscences (1916); Harter's report of June 14, 1898, in Dill Collection; faculty minutes, May 2, 1898; Vallandigham, Fifty Years, 97; "A Letter from `99's Soldier Boys, May 24, 1898," in The Aurora.

57. Trustees' minutes, May 20, 1898; June 20, 1899; Harter's report, June 14, 1898; March 27, 1899, in Dill Collection; William G. Pratt to Harter, March 21, 1899, ibid.

58. Harter's report, March 24, 1902; trustees' minutes, March 17 and June 16, 1903; June 20, 1911; Laws of Delaware, 22:569; Harter to George W. Marshall, December 29, 1902; March 12, 1903; to Raymond Du Hadway, September 14, 1903.

59. To H. L. Bailey (Cornell University), September 11, 1903.

60. To E. W. Alley, April 13, 1903.

61. Harter's report, March 27, 1899, in Dill Collection; Laws of Delaware, 22:75; trustees' minutes, March 25 and May 9, 1901; March 24, 1902; 1907 Derelict, 19.

62. Report of Director (Neale), Agricultural Experiment Station, March 19, 1904; Harter to Mrs. E. S. Avis, April 19, 1904; Harter to Charles W. Bush, October 25, 1904; trustees' minutes, June 14, 1904; March 28, 1905; Laws of Delaware, 23:200; 1907 Derelict, 19; Delta Phi Gazette, March 28, 1906.

63. Trustees' minutes, June 14, 1910; A. H. Dean, "History of Athletics," Review 28 (April 1912):7; Vallandigham, Fifty Years, 75; James G. Lewis, "Ye-Olde-School-Tie," 1 (1957):18 (duplicated newsletter in University Archives).

64. Chance, "History of Football"; Dean, "History of Athletics," 6; Review 12 (November 1895); 12 (December 1895); 13 (May 1897); faculty minutes, April 19, May 3, September 21, and October 11, 1897; Review, May 1897; Vallandigham, Fifty Years, 75; McCaskey, publicity release, about November 1, 1905, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1905-30.

65. Trustees' minutes, June 27, 1907; Harter to John C. Stockley, February 28, 1907; to Horace Butterworth (Pennsylvania Normal School), January 30, February 27, 1908; to Manlove Hayes, May 11, 1909.

66. Review 28 (October 1911); Vallandigham, Fifty Years, 76; Lewis, University of Delaware, 126, 129-30.

67. Dedication program in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1913-25; Review 30 (October 1913); 30 (April 1914); 30 (May 1914).

68. A. H. Dean, "History of Athletics," Review 28 (April 1912).

69. Wilmington Morning News, March 25, 1899; typed petition to board of trustees from students [no date, but clearly 1900-1901], in Dill Collection, folder 34; Review 29 (October 1912); Harter to H. S. Wingert [February 11, 1903]; publicity release on athletics by E. W. M. [McCaskey], [November 1, 1905], in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1905-30.

70. Harter to R. W. Silvester, November 30, 1908; to F. H. Robinson, September 3, 1909.

71. Trustees' minutes, March 25, 1901; Harter's report to board, March 24, 1902, in Dill Collection, folder 41; F. Robinson Reminiscences; Review 26, (October 1909); Vallandigham, in Newark Delaware Ledger, copy in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1909-32.

72. Harter to Henry S. Pritchett, July 11, 1908.

73. Faculty minutes, January 30, 1899; trustees' minutes, June 17, 1902; May 17 and June 20, 1905; January 29, 1907; January 30, 1912; Harter to Rufus R. Richardson, December 22, 1903; Delta Phi Gazette, January 10, 1906; Wilmington Sunday Star, October 9, 1910; George A. Harter, "Memories of Delaware," 108.

74. Faculty minutes, May 16, 23, and June 13, 1898; Harter's report to board, June 14, 1898; trustees' minutes, June 14, 1898; March 27, 1899; Harter to Ernest W. Sipple, December 31, 1902.

75. Faculty minutes, October 3, 1898; March 15, 1899; March 12, 1900; trustees' minutes, March 26, 1900; Harter's report [March 17, 1903], in Dill Collection, folder 40.

76. Captain E. S. Avis to Harter, June 16, 1900, in Dill Collection, folder 47; Harter's report to board, March 17, 1903, ibid., folder 40; trustees' minutes, March 28, 1905.

77. Harter's report to board, March 17, 1903, in Dill Collection, folder 40; Harter to General J. C. Breckenridge, July 28, 1897; to executive committee of Association of American Agricultural Colleges and Experiment Stations, November 21, 1904; to Reverend D. M. Cleland, August 5, 1909.

78. Vallandigham, Fifty Years, 32; James G. Lewis, "Ye-Olde-School-Tie," 1 (1951): 2526; Lewis, University of Delaware, 77.

79. L.S. Boyd, "Beta Epsilon and Delaware College," Kappa Alpha Journal, 21 (May 1904): 567; trustees minutes, March 17, 1903; March 24, 1904; Wilmington Morning News, February 25, 1914; undated clipping in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1910-2; Review 27 (January 1911): 23; James G. Lewis, "Ye-Olde-School-Tie," 1 (1950): 2.

80. Harter to H. Franklin Schlegel (Albright), September 28, 1909.

81. Harter to James S. Stevens (University of Maine), April 16, 1904; unidentified clipping, June 21, 1911, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1911-40.

82. Trustees' minutes, June 16, 1896; Harter to Edward N. Vallandigham, December 10, 1902.

83. Frederic H. Robinson to Harter, March 13, 1903, in Dill Collection, folder 44; Harter to Joseph Frazer, September 20, 1905, and to W. H. Higgins, September 21, 1905.

84. Publicity release, September 1906, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1906-15; Harter to Herman Huston, August 12, 1908; to E. C. Patterson, April 8, 1908.

85. Data on degrees is found in the minutes of the regular June meetings of the board of trustees.

86. Harter's report, undated, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1913-35.

87. Elisha Conover, "Delaware Then and Now," University News, 3 (February 1938): 2-5; Lewis, University of Delaware, 124; Baltimore Sun, March 31, 1902, in Purnell Scrapbook (Mrs. Clyde Cox); W. H. Purnell to J. C. Stockley, June 17, 1901, in Purnell Papers.

88. Manlove Hayes to editor, April 24, 1902, Wilmington Morning News, April 28, 1902, 7.

89. Trustees minutes, March 25, 1901; report of committee on legislation, March 25, 1901, in Dill Collection, folder 45.

90. Alumni Record (Wesleyan University, 1911); Vallandigham, Fifty Years, 62; Reed, Alumni Record, Dickinson College, 261; Conrad, History of Delaware, 1:320-21.

91. William P. Bancroft to Eugene W. Manning, 4th Month, 18th, 1902, Wilmington Every Evening, April 19, 1902, 5.

92. Wilmington Morning News, April 21, 1902, 2, 4.

93. Hayes to Daniel W. Taylor [1901], enclosed with Hayes to editor, April 24, 1902, Wilmington Morning News, April 28, 1902, 7.

94. Trustees' minutes, March 24, June 17, 1902; March 17, 1903; Vallandigham, Fifty Years, 62; report of committee on instruction and discipline, June 17, 1902, Dill Collection, folder 48; petition to board of trustees [June 1902], ibid., folder 34.

95. Who's Who in America, 1946-41; New York Times, May 1, 1946, 25.

96. Harter to Sypherd, April 30, May 5, 11, 21, June 18, 21, July 6, August 29, 1906.

97. Laws of Delaware, 26:259-60; trustees' minutes, June 20 and August 3, 1911.

98. Trustees' minutes, March 17, 1903; March 28, 1905; June 20, 1911; Harter to Clement B. Hallam, May 1, 1905: to M. V. G. Smith, August 13, 1904; to John C. Stockley, August 22, 1904; to C. A. Short, August 23, 1904.

99. To John C. Stockley, April 22, 1898.

100. Trustees' minutes, March 28, 1898; Harter to E. N. Vallandigham, July 23, 1896.

101. Harter to John Barkley, October 20 and November 5, 1904; to E. N. Vallandigham, October 24, 1904; trustees' minutes, March 28, 1905.

102. Augustus H. Able III and William D. Lewis, "The Library Story (1833-1953)," 85; trustees' minutes, March 28, 1905; Harter to Manlove Hayes, June 3, 1908; to Raymond Du Hadway, October 27, 1909.

103. Harter to C. W. Bush, June 6, 1904; to Ira Remsen, June 6, 1904; to F. J. Wylie, June 22, 1904.

104. Review 16 (January 1899): 14 (December 1897); Conover, "Delaware Then and Now."

105. Junior Annual, 1908; Review 13 (May 1897); 17 (June 1900).

106. Wilmington Morning News, March 25, 1899; trustees' minutes, July 6 and 17, 1899.

107. Laws of Delaware, 21:404; trustees' minutes, March 27, 1899; 1899 catalogue, p. 72.

108. President's Report (March 22, 1897); March 28, 1898; to John C. Stockley, January 20, 1898; to A. R. Spaid, January 21 and 31, 1898; to Professor Ellis, February 7, 1898; President's Report, March 28, 1898; E. Dwight Sanderson, "Agricultural Extension Work for Delaware," Proceedings of the 27th Annual Session of the Delaware State Grange (1901), 18, 28.

109. President's Report [March 26, 1900]; March 24, 1902; [March 17, 1903]; trustees' minutes, June meetings in 1901, 1903, 1905, 1906, and 1907.

110. Trustees' minutes, June 17-18, 1889.

111. Joanne Passmore et al., History of the Delaware State Grange and the State's Agriculture, 1875-1975 (1975), 85-86, 88, 300, 306.

112. Trustees' minutes, March 27, 1894; March 26, 1895.

113. Ibid., July 6, 1899; June 17, 1902; June 15, 1903.

114. Harter to Manlove Hayes, April 23, 1903.

115. Trustees' minutes, January 23 and May 10, 1906; Henry Walker and E. H. Bancroft to the trustees, May 7, 1906, in Evans Papers, 10896a; Passmore, Delaware State Grange, 73, 85; Proceedings of the Delaware State Grange (1903), 12-13.

116. Trustees' minutes, May 10, June 19, and July 23, 1906; Harter to Hayward, July 23, 1906; to Manlove Hayes, August 17, 1906; to Charles B. Lore, August 22, 1906.

117. Junior Annual, 1908, 43-44; Blue Hen of the Class of 1912, 36; Harter to George W. Marshall, April 3, 1906.

118. Harter to Manlove Hayes, November 9 and December 18, 1906; to Harlow H. Curtis, February 21, 1907; to Raymond Du Hadway, November 19, 1906; clipping from Every Evening, c. February 18, 1907, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1907-4; Passmore, Delaware State Grange, 85, 86.

119. Harter to Manlove Hayes and D. W. Corbitt, March 26, 1906; to George Biddle, June 4, 1907; Junior Annual, 1908, 22; Georgetown Sussex Republican, August 31, 1907, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1907-17; trustees' minutes, June 18 and October 17, 1907; June 16, 1908; Vallandigham, Fifty Years, 71.

120. Trustees' minutes, June 18 and October 17, 1907; letter to Neale, March 20, 1907, in Evans Papers, 10932; Newark Post, September 12, 1917 (death of Neale).

121. Trustees' minutes, January 29, 1907; Vallandigham, Fifty Years, 70.

122. C. A. McCue, "The School ofAgriculture," Alumni News, May, 1934, 25; Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Session of the Delaware State Grange (1906), advertisement.

123. Harter to Raymond Du Hadway, May 13, 1908; trustees' minutes, January 24, 1910; Wilmington Every Evening, January 29, 1913; news release, September or October 1913, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1913-28.

124. Trustees' minutes, June 15, 1909; Harter to George B. Miller, March 23, 1909; J. E. Dutton to Harter, March 22, 1909; Laws of Delaware, 25:195-99; 26:261, 266.

125. Charles E. Rosenberg, "The Adams Act: Politics and the Cause of Scientific Research," Agricultural History 38 (1964): 3-12; Laws of Delaware, 26:264-65; trustees' minutes, June 20, 1911; August 10, 1914; 38 U.S. Statutes at Large, 372-74; L. A. Stearns, "Entomology at the University of Delaware," Delaware Notes 30 (1957): 10, 12-14; Sanderson, "Agricultural Extension Work for Delaware," 17, 20.

126. Trustees' minutes, August 10, 1914; President's Report, January, 1914; Review 30 (December 1913); 30 (January 1914); 30 (June 1914).

127. President's Report, March 28, 1898; March 27, 1899, in Dill Collection, folders 38 and 39; trustees' minutes, June 20, 1899; Harter to Leon A. Davis, December 4, 1902; to J. E. Carroll, December 8, 1902; Laws of Delaware, 19:185.

128. Harter to E. N. Vallandigham, May 19, 1909; to Augustus S. Downing, December 8, 1909; to Caleb E. Burchenal, February 5, 1909.

129. Trustees' minutes, January 23, 1906.

130. Laws of Delaware, 27:309; trustees' minutes, March 13, 1913; January 27, 1914; Harter to Frances Clark, March 22, 1912; Newark Post, July 9, 1913; news release in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1913-34.

131. Harter to A. Duncan Yokum, February 5, 1909; trustees' minutes, January 27, 1911; January 30, 1912.

132. Harter to Charles B. Evans, February 17, 1909; to State Board of Education, December 15, 1911; trustees' minutes, June 18, 1907; January 24, 1910.

133. Laws of Delaware, 26:204.