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The University of Delaware: A History

Chapter 5 Notes

1. Trustees' minutes, July 5, 1859; November 1 and 15, 1860.

2. James Hossinger to his brother, New Ark, June 5, 1860, in Evans Papers, 10,274, Morris Library.

3. H. Dyer to S. F. Du Pont, New York, November 3, 1860; Mrs. S. F. Du Pont to Anna Brinckle, Philadelphia, November 8, 1860, and two undated letters; Anna Brinckle to Mrs. S. F. Du Pont, November 17 [1860], all in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, items 1857-46 [should be filed in 1860], 1860-2, 4, 6, 8.

4. Earle D. Ross, Democracy's College: The Land-Grant Movement in the Formative State (Ames, Iowa, 1942), 64.

5. 12 U.S. Statutes 503-5.

6. Laws of Delaware, 13:1:127; House Journal, 1867, 183, 231; Senate Journal, 1867, 165, 175; trustees' minutes, February 19, 1867; Lewis, University of Delaware, 88-89.

7. House Journal, 1867, 398, 399, 440, 441, 504.

8. Senate Journal, 1867, 374, 378, 380, 381, 396; Laws of Delaware, 13:1:127-29.

9. Trustees' minutes, January 12, 1869.

10. Laws of Delaware, 13:1:614-16.

11. 1870 catalogue, 7.

12. Willard Hall to Th. R. Blandy and William Reynolds, Wilmington, June 21, 1869, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1869-3.

13. Delaware State Journal, June 29, 1869.

14. Alumni News, May 1934, 39; Academy minutes, July 29, 1869; Laws of Delaware, 8:353-54.

15. Academy minutes, February 2, 1870.

16. Laws of Delaware, 12:180-81; trustees' minutes, March 2, 1870; copy of deed in University Archives.

17. Academy minutes, June 2, 1870; May 30, 1872.

18. Thomas LeDuc, "State Disposal of the Agriculture College Land Scrip," in The Public Lands: Studies in the History of the Public Domain, ed. Vernon Cartensen (Madison, Wisc., 1963), 399-404, 409 (reprinted from Agricultural History 28 [1954]: 99-107).

19. Trustees' minutes, March 27, 1877.

20. Ibid., March 2, May 20, September 6, 1870; Lewis, University of Delaware, 71, 86, 213.

21. Trustees' minutes, May 13, 1870.

22. Powell, Education in Delaware, 122-23; Review 9 (April 1893).

23. George Morgan, "Sunny Days at Dear Old Delaware: What I Rememher of My Experiences There in 1871-75," Delaware Notes 7 (1934): 84-106; Powell, Education in Delaware, 123; George A. Harter, "Early Commencements at Delaware College," in Newark Post, Commencement Supplement, June 13, 1923.

24. Delaware College Advance, 1:4 (January 1874): 26ff.

25. Ibid.; Wilmington Daily Commercial, July 7, 1870; Edward N. Vallandigham, Fifty Years of Delaware College, 1870-1920 (Newark), 18-19, 30; 1870 catalogue, 11; William Gray, "Delaware College in 1883," typescript in University Archives.

26. 1870 catalogue.

27. Matriculation book, University Archives.

28. Vallandigham, Fifty Years, 14, 21-22.

29. 1870 catalogue, 23, 28; Vallandigham, Fifty Years, 113.

30. Morgan, "Sunny Days," 92-93; Vallandigham, Fifty Years, 23; Gray, "Delaware College."

31. George A. Harter, "Early Commencements"; Vallandigham, "Delaware in the Seventies," Alumni News 3 (December 1916): 3-6.

32. George Morgan, "The Delaware College Advance," Alumni News 3 (June 1917): 27-29.

33. Unidentified [1871] clipping, "Conferring Degrees," in William H. Purnell Scrapbook, Mrs. Clyde Cox, Newark; Delaware College Review, 2 (June 1884): 6-8; Wilmington Daily Commercial, July 6, 1871. Townsend's speech is incorrectly dated 1869 in Scharf, History of Delaware, 1:467.

34. Laws of Delaware, 14:1:48-49, 64-65; trustees' minutes, July 4, 1871.

35. Wilmington Daily Commercial, October 26 and November 6, 1871; Delaware State Journal, November 7, 1871; Vallandigham, Fifty Years, 19-20; personal reminiscence from 1954.

36. Trustees minutes, July 4, 5, 1871; Scharf, History of Delaware, 2:755-56; John F. Stover, "Colonel Henry S. McComb, Mississippi Railroad Adventurer," Journal of Mississippi History 17 (July 1955): 178-85; William A. Harris, The Day of the Carpetbagger (Baton Rouge, La., 1979), 294, 524-25, 557-62; Henry Kirke White, "The Building and the Cost of the Union Pacific," in Railway Problems, ed. William Z. Ripley (Boston, 1913), 111, 121.

37. Munroe, History of Delaware, 148-53.

38. Trustees' minutes, July 2, 1872; excerpt from diary of J. Alexander Fulton, July 3, 1872, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, items 1872-35.

39. Frederick Rudolph, The American College and University (New York, 1962), 314, 322; trustees' minutes, March 26, 1872.

40. Stephanie Lashmet, "Coeducation at Delaware College, 1872-1885," Blue Hen Messenger 1 (January 197A): 4-5.

41. Trustees' minutes, July 2, 1872; diary of J. Alexander Fulton, July 3, 1872.

42. Daily Commercial, July 3, 5, 1872; Every Evening, July 3, 1872.

43. Trustees' minutes, July 3, 1872.

44. Phelps County Historical Society, History of the Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy (Rolla, Mo, 1941), 259.

45. Trustees' minutes, July 2, 1872; Rudolph, The American College, 254-55.

46. Trustees' minutes, March 25, 1873; Delta Phi Gazette, March 22, 1873.

47. Wilmington Daily Commercial, March 27, 1873. 48. Laws of Delaware, 14:1:374-75.

49. Powell, Education in Delaware, 166; American Journal of Education 25 (1880): 49.

50. Powell, Education in Delaware, 164; W. Emerson Wilson, "State Normal Had Need of PR Man," Wilmington Morning News, October 14, 1967, 24; Laws of Delaware, 13:1:317; 14:1:230.

51. 1873 catalogue, 24; Gloria Bockrath, "Student Recruitment at Delaware College during the Purnell Era, 1870-1885" (M.A. thesis, University of Delaware, 1977), 42-44.

52. Bockrath, "Student Recruitment," 42-44; petition from Delaware College faculty to General Assembly, February 23, 1875, broadside in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1875-5a; catalogues for 1874, 1875, and 1877; trustees' minutes, June 15, 1875; Wilmington Delaware Tribune, February 18, 1875.

53. Trustees' minutes, March 25 and June 15, 1875.

54. "An Enemy to Delaware College," Wilmington Every Evening, undated clipping in Purnell Scrapbook, 77, Purnell Papers, Mrs. Clyde Cox, Newark.

55. Wilmington Daily Commercial, March 4, 26, 1873.

56. Ibid., April 3, 1873.

57. Trustees' minutes, June 25, 1873; academy minutes, April 28, 1873.

58. Scharf, History of Delaware, 2:945; Bockrath, "Student Recruitment," 23; faculty minutes, September 12, 1876.

59. 1880 catalogue; Wilmington Daily Commercial, August 22, 1873.

60. Bockrath, "Student Recruitment," 41; Edward Vallandigham, "New Departures," Philadelphia Record, April 19, 1914.

61. Trustees' minutes, March 24, 1876.

62. Faculty minutes, April 23, May 7, July 4, 9, and October 1, 1877; President's Report, June 19, 1877, in Evans Papers, 741.

63. Trustees' minutes, March 26, 1878; June 17, 1879; March 23 and June 15, 1880; June 20, 1882.

64. Ibid., March 22 and June 14, 1881.

65. Faculty minutes, February 19, 1884; trustees' minutes, March 25 and June 17, 1884.

66. Faculty minutes, March 21, 1882; 1978 Alumni Directory; John F. Kirk, Supplement to Allibone's Critical Dictionary of English Literature...Vol. 2 (Philadelphia, 1899), 797.

67. Every Evening, April 3, 12, 1882.

68. Ibid., April 6, 1882; April 13, 1883; Delaware College Review 1 (Decemher 1882 and January 1883).

69. Trustees' minutes, May 20, 1870; faculty minutes, January 8, 1872; Morgan, "Sunny Days," 93.

70. Bockrath, "Student Recruitment," 49; faculty minutes, June 4, 1877; trustees' minutes, June 19, 1877; Every Evening, June 2, 1877.

71. 1930 Alumni Directory; trustees minutes, June 15, 1880.

72. Morgan, "Sunday Days," 95; faculty minutes March 20 and October 9, 1871; Wilmington Daily Commercial, April 23, 1872; trustees' minutes, July 4, 1872.

73. Vallandigham, Fifty Years, 97; Review 1 (September 1882): 6; also 1 (October 1882): 12; 1 (March 1883): 54; faculty minutes, March 21, 1883; trustees' minutes, March 27, 1883; Every Evening, July 26, 1882.

74. Matriculation book, 1834-1905; trustees' minutes, July 4, 1871, and June 25, 1873; faculty minutes, July 4, 1877; President's reports, March 26 and June 18, 1878, in Evans Papers, 917.

75. Scharf, History of Delaware, 447-48; Powell, Education in Delaware, 122-23, 154; trustees' minutes, June 15, 1875; faculty minutes, November 6, 1876; Wilmington Daily Commercial, December 4, 1876; President's Report, June 18, 1878; Every Evening, April 24, 1882.

76. Review 1 (September 1882); 1 (March 1883): 53; 1 (May 1883): 68; trustees' minutes, March 27, 1883.

77. Every Evening, June 4, 1878; President's Report, June 18, 1878; June 17, 1879, in Evans Papers, 966a, 1195.

78. 1880 catalogue; Rudolph, The American College, 269, 335; faculty minutes, April 23, 1877; trustees' minutes, June 19, 1883; March 25 and June 17, 1884; Bockrath, "Student Recruitment," 44-45. Bockrath is mistaken in thinking that a graduate program was instituted in 1882.

79. President's Report, March 23, 1880, in Evans Papers, 1355; trustees' minutes, June 15-16, 1880; faculty minutes, September 28, 1880; September 7, 1882; September 3 and 9, 1884.

80. President's Report, June 17, 1879; June 20, 1882, in Evans Papers, 1195, 2310.

81. Vallandigham, Fifty Years, 31.

82. Every Evening, June 2, 1882.

83. Every Evening, December 27, 1882.

84. Vallandigham, Fifty Years, 23; Morgan, "Sunny Days," 92; Review 3 (March 1885): 4.

85. Wilmington Daily Commercial, September 29 and October 6, 1873; Delta Phi Star, June 3, 1876; Every Evening, May 17, 1882; Review 1 (June 1882).

86. Edward Henry Eckel to William H. Purnell, Newark, September 19, 1884, Purnell Papers, Mrs. Clyde Cox; Review 2 (February 1884): 4, 11.

87. Delta Phi Star, February 2, 1884.

88. Review 1 (November 1882): 20; 2 (February 1884): 4; 3 (February 1885): 4.

89. Review 1 (March 1883): 54; 1 (April 1883): 60; 2 (May 1884): 10; 3 (March 1885): 4; faculty minutes, February 21, 1882; Lashmet, "Coeducation," 5.

90. Delta Phi Star, May 30, 1875; Review 2 (June 1884): 11; 3 (February 1885); ticket to June 15, 1881, Commencement Ball, in Lewis, University Archives, item 1881-16.

91. Review 3 (October 1884): 9. See also ibid., 2 (February 1884): 10.

92. Faculty minutes, November 27, 1877; President's Report, March 2, 1878, in Evans Papers, 917.

93. Morgan, "Sunny Days," 99-102; Delaware College Advance 1 (May 1874): 61.

94. Delta Phi Star, February 14, 1880; February 26, 1881; Delta Phi Gazette, June 4, 1881; Delta Phi minutes, November 23 and 29, 1881; Review 1 (February 1883); 1 (April 1883); 2 (December 1883): 12; 2 (February 1884); Claude M. Fuess, Amherst, the Story of a New England College (Boston, 1935), 220.

95. Pestalozzi Catalogue; Pestatozzi No-Name, No. 2 (March 1881); Lashmet, "Coeducation."

96. Every Evening, June 19, 1877; Review 2 (December 1883): 9-10; 2 (February 1884): 5-6.

97. Matriculation book: commencement programs.

98. Faculty minutes, September 8, 1873; April 28 and May 3, 1886; interview with three women students of the coeducational period, 1943.

99. George A. Harter, "Memories of Delaware," Delaware Notes 8 (1934): 107-12; trustees' minutes, June 24, 1885; Pestalozzi Catalogue.

100. Evans Papers, 1448g.

101. Trustees' minutes, April 16, 1877; March 25, 1879; June 15 and July 13, 1880.

102. Faculty minutes, June 7, 1878; Every Evening, June 22, July 14, 15, and 17, 1882; Wilmington Morning News, June 21, 22, and 23, 1882; trustees' minutes, July 13, 1882.

103. Trustees' minutes, July 19, 1882; Every Evening, July 18 and 20, 1882; Morning News, July 17, 20, 21, and 22, 1882.

104. Morgan, "Sunny Days," 98-99.

105. "College Government" in Review 1 (October 1882); William Dean to editor, Every Evening, July 17, 1882.

106. Every Evening, July 20, 1882. Dean ran for the legislature that fall but was defeated.

107. Trustees' minutes, July 19, 1882.

108. Wilmington Daily Commercial, April 12, 1873; Vallandigham, Fifty Years, 138.

109. President's Report, June 20, 1882; Every Evening, June 2, 1877; December 5, 1882; Review 1 (December 1882).

110. Review 2 (July 1884); faculty minutes, 39.

111. House Journal, January 6, 1885; Review 2 (July 1884): 4-5, 21; 3 (December 1884): 11; Every Evening, August 20 and December 1, 1884.

112. Trustees' minutes, February 10 and 24, 1885; Every Evening, March 18 and April 11, 1885; Review 3 (February 1885): 3.

113. Every Evening, May 8, 1885.

114. Trustees' minutes, May 12 and June 16, 1885; Every Evening, May 22, 1885.

115. Every Evening, May 14, 1885.

116. Trustees' minutes, June 24, 1885.