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The University of Delaware: A History

Chapter 2 Notes


1. Petition of March 15, 1780, Legislative Papers, Delaware State Archives. Among the signers were Allen Gillespie, Alexander McBeath, William Armstrong, William Thomson, Samuel Platt, James Latimer, John McCrery, George Gillespie, William Peery, and James Black.

2. Matthew Wilson to Hugh Glasford, Robert Wallace, and Alexander McBeath, Lewes, November 21, 1780, in Hancock, "Matthew Wilson and Delaware College," 7.

3. Matthew Wilson to unknown, Lewes, April 7, 1783, photostat in University Archives.

4. Petition of January 1781, Records of Academy of Newark, University Archives. The other trustees whose names were on the petition were Matthew Wilson, Thomas Read, William McKennan, Alexander McDowell, John Evans, John McKinly, John Thompson, and Joseph Montgomery.

5. Petition of June 5, 1782, Academy of Newark Papers, University Archives; undated petition, endorsed June 1783, typed copy in Lewis Collection, University Archives, from original in State Archives.

6. James Dallett to John M. Clayton, Jr., and others, Philadelphia, May 11, 1971.

7. Petition of June 5, 1782, Academy of Newark Papers, University Archives.

8. Johnson Account Book, Rutgers University Library, New Brunswick, N.J. (kindness of Richard P. McCormick); Thomas Shouards, History and Genealogy of Fenwick's Colony (Bridgeton, N.J., 1876), 109-10.

9. A. McDowell to S. Patterson, New London, December 5, 1781, McDowell Papers; Frederick L. Weis, The Colonial Clergy of Maryland, Delaware, and Georgia (Lancaster, Mass., 1950), 79.

10. Academy of Newark Minutes, June 5, 1783, University Archives; Matthew Wilson to unknown, Lewes, April 7, 1783, photostat in University Archives from Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

11. Academy minutes, June 22, 1785; September 21, 1791; September 17, 1794; November 1, 1796.

12. Wilson to unknown, April 7, 1783.

13. John Evans to John Ewing, June 4, 1783, in Emmett Collection, no. 940, New York Public Library.

14. Report of meeting of several trustees of the Newark Academy, October 15, 1783, in Gratz Collection, Historical Society of Pennsylvania; Academy minutes, October 16, 1783.

15. Academy minutes, October 6, 1785; September 25, 1789; October 18, 1790; September 21, 1791; June 9, 1792; October 15, 1792; April 17, 1793; October 17, 1793; October 17, 1794. Henry Ridgely to Mrs. Ann Ridgely, Newark, November 1, 1794, Calendar of Ridgely Family Letters, 1742-1899, in the Delaware State Archives, ed. Leon de Valinger, Jr., and Virginia E. Shaw (Dover, 1948-61), 1:130 (hereafter called Ridgely Calendar).

16. Wilmington Delaware Courant, July 7, 1787.

17. William Thomson to Mrs. Ann Ridgely, Newark, February 13, 1794, in Ridgely Calendar, 1:119.

18. Ridgely Calendar, 1:42, 123.

19. Ibid., 1:122, 123, 124, 127, 129, 134, 136.

20. Ibid., 1:126, 127; Academy minutes, September 17, October 17, 1794; University of Pennsylvania Biographical Catalogue (1894), 23.

21. Ridgely Calendar, 1:131, 134, 137, 138.

22. Academy minutes, September 16, 1795; April 30, June 24, 1796.

23. Ibid., September 21, November 1, 1796.

24. E. Miriam Lewis, ed., "The Minutes of the Wilmington Academy, 1777-1802," Delaware History 3 (September 1949): 181-226; Lyman Powell, History of Education in Delaware (Washington, 1893), 82; Laws of Delaware, 3:292-98, 377; 4:371, 465-67; Henry Schwaneger, "History of Higher Education in Delaware" (Ed.D. diss., University of Pennsylvania, 1969), 143-46; John A. Munroe, Federalist Delaware, 1775-1815 (New Brunswick, N.J., 1954), 171-73.

25. Laws of Delaware, 3:1296-98.

26. Article 8, sec. 2. Laws of Delaware, l:xlvii.

27. Munroe, Federalist Delaware, 173; Laws of Delaware, 4:304; Powell, History of Education in Delaware, 51, 55, 58, 62.

28. Laws of Delaware, 3:199-206; 4:304-8, 495-97; 5:113-15, 228-30, 301-3, 347-48, 352-55, 375-76, and 375-85.

29. George L. Reed, Alumni Record, Dickinson College (Carlisle, Pa., 1905), 48.

30. William D. Lewis, University of Delaware: Ancestors, Friends, and Neighbors, Delaware Notes 5 (1962): 72; Johns, Rock Presbyterian Church, 15.

31. Lewis, University of Delaware, 21; Academy minutes, April 17, 1799.

32. Mackey, White Clay Creek Presbyterian Church, 26; Johns, Rock Presbyterian Church, 14-15.

33. Academy minutes, June 2, September 29, 1800.

34. Wilmington Mirror of the Times, October 24, 1801.

35. Academy minutes, May 18, 1807; Johns, Rock Presbyterian Church, 15; Mackey, White Clay Creek Presbyterian Church, 26.

36. Reed, Alumni Record, Dickinson College, 50.

37. Dubois, New London Presbyterian Church, 21; George Johnston, History of Cecil County, Maryland (Elkton, 1881), 287; Mackey, White Clay Creek Presbyterian Church, 26; Johns, Rock Presbyterian Church, 14.

38. Academy minutes, April 18, 1804; September 16, November 9, 1807.

39. John A. Munroe, Louis McLane, Federalist and Jacksonian (New Brunswick, N.J., 1974), 34.

40. Academy minutes, April 18, 1804; November 9, 1807.

41. Ibid., June 13 and September 11, 1805; September 21, 1808; April 10, 1810.

42. Ibid., April 15, 1807.

43. Ibid., November 9, 1807; Dudley C. Lunt, "The Farmers Bank--an Assurance Company," Delaware History 8 (March 1958): 63.

44. Academy minutes, April 25, June 13, and September 14, 1811.

45. Ibid., September 19, 1811; Wilmington American Watchman, October 2, 1811; Philadelphia Aurora, October 23, 1811.

46. Mackey, White Clay Creek Presbyterian Church, 26-27; Helen Turnbull Waite Coleman, Banners in the Wilderness: Early Years of Washington and Jefferson College [Pittsburgh, 1956], 193; Reed, Alumni Record, Dickinson College, 53-54.

47. Henry G. Welbon, A History of the Head of Christiana Church (Newark, 1933), 29; Congregation of [Head of] Christiana to Russell, March 13, 1811, in George G. and Charles B. Evans Papers, 8982, Morris Library, University of Delaware; Congregation of "Whiteclay Creek" to Russell, March 14, 1811, ibid., 8983; Andrew Gray and others to Russell, March 15, 1811, ibid., 8984; Russell to Andrew Gray and others [April 1811], ibid., 8985; petition from 45 inhabitants of Newark, January 1811, Legislative Papers, Delaware State Archives; Laws of Delaware, 4:439-40, 484-86, 605-6; History of the Presbytery of Washington (Philadelphia, 1889), 431 (from excerpt in University Archives). Cf. petition of December 24, 1804, for aid to an English school in Newark, Legislative Papers, Delaware State Archives.

48. Academy minutes, October 11, 1811; Wilmington American Watchman, October 2, 16, 1811.

49. Ibid., April 27, 1815; Handy and Vallandigham, Newark, Delaware, 38.

50. Mackey, White Clay Creek Presbyterian Church, 27; Academy minutes, April 23, 1812.

51. Academy minutes, September 17, 1812; April 22, 1813.

52. Ibid., April 27, 1815; April 18, 1816.

53. Ibid., April 17, 1817.

54. Petition of January 8, 1818, Legislative Papers, Delaware State Archives; Laws of Delaware, 5:278-80; Jane N. Garrett, "The Delaware College Lotteries, 1818-1845," Delaware History 7 (1957): 301; Wanda G. Cramton and Norman W. Moore, Jr., "A Forerunner to Delaware College and Its Popular Rejection," Delaware History 12 (1966): 123.

55. Garrett, "Delaware College Lotteries," 299-300, 308, 312; Hugh G. J. Aitken, "Yates and McIntyre, Lottery Managers," Journal of Economic History 13 (1953): passim.

56. Garrett, "Delaware College Lotteries," 302-4.

57. Cramton and Moore, "Forerunner," 124; Academy minutes, April 16, 1818.

58. Cramton and Moore, "Forerunner," 124-26.

59. Ibid., 126.

60. Ibid., 124, 127.

61. Ibid., 128-29; Laws of Delaware, 6:61-71.

62. Cramton and Moore, "Forerunner," 125, 127-30; Laws of Delaware 6:57-60; House Journal, January 5, 1820.

63. Cramton and Moore, "Forerunner," 128; petition of January 26, 1821, from citizens' meeting at Blackbird, Legislative Papers, Delaware State Archives.

64. Cramton and Moore, "Forerunner," 130-31, 134-37.

65. Ibid., 131-40.

66. "To the voters of New Castle County, 1821," from MS.book of Samuel Henry Black in Morris Library, University of Delaware.

67. John A. Munroe, "Party Battles, 1789-1850," in Delaware, A History of the First State, ed. H. Clay Reed (New York, 1947), 1:146.

68. Cramton and Moore, "Forerunner," 140.

69. Ibid., 142-43. Petitions in Legislative Papers, Delaware State Archives.

70. Laws of Delaware, 6:202-3, 222-24.

71. Cramton and Moore, "Forerunner," 142-43.

72. Laws of Delaware, 6:555-56; James R. Black to H.M. Ridgely, March 2, 1825, General Reference File 37, Delaware State Archives.

73. Garrett, "Delaware College Lotteries," 304-5, 312-13; Wilmington American Watchman, July 5, 1825.

74. Laws of Delaware, 6:380.

75. Delaware Gazette, January 3, 1815; John Groome to Joseph Wallace, Elkton, Md., December 27, 1814, copy in University Archives.

76. Diary of William P. Brobson, ed. George H. Gibson (Wilmington, 1977), 97.

77. Wilmington American Watchman, May 6, 1820.

78. Petition from trustees of New Ark School, December 24, 1804, Legislative Papers, Delaware State Archives; petition of in habitants of White Clay Creek Hundred, January 1811, ibid.; Laws of Delaware, 4:439-40; Wilmington American Watchman, April 7, July 7, 1819.

79. Academy minutes, April 23, 1826; American Watchman, April 25, 1826.

80. Academy minutes, April 23, 1826; April 19, 1827; April 17, 1828.

81. Russell was first married in 1813, but had no children by his first wife, who died in 1814. He married again in 1815, and by his second wife, a cousin of the first, he had eight children. Mary Gillespie Kerr, comp., "Kerr Family Genealogy," MS. book, Morris Library, University of Delaware.

82. Manlove Hayes, "Reminiscences," University Archives.

83. Academy minutes, April 28, 1814; September 21, 1820; September 15, 1830; September 25, 1833.

84. American Watchman, April 25, 1826; Academy minutes, November 18, 1819; April 20, 1820; April 14 and September 15, 1830.

85. Academy minutes, April 15, 1824.

86. Ibid., September 18, 1823.

87. Ibid., April 20, 1820; September 16, 1824.

88. Ibid., September 15, 1825.

89. Ibid., April 23, September 21, 1826; Jacqueline C. Meisel, "Old College: The First Building at the University of Delaware, Its Origins and Development" (M.A. thesis, University of Delaware, 1971), 7-10; Dictionary of American Biography, s.v. "Mitchell, George Edward."

90. Academy minutes, April 17, 1828; American Watchman, August 1, 1828.

91. American Watchman, August 1, September 30, 1828; biographical information on Andrew Kerr Russell, in bound Delaware Miscellany and Whiteley Family Genealogy, both in Morris Library, University of Delaware.

92. Academy minutes, September 20, 1832.

93. Ibid., September 28, 1828; September 16, 1830; September 15, 1831; April 19 and September 20, 1832; September 25, 1833; April 17, 1834.

94. Ibid., April 17, 1834.

95. Ibid., September 17, 1828, April 21 and September 15, 1831.

96. Ibid., February 23, 1832.

97. Ibid., February 23, September 20, November 12, and November 29, 1832.

98. Ibid., February 23, September 20, November 12, and November 29, 1832; Meisel, "Old College," 13-17; Delaware Gazette, September 3, 1833.

99. Meisel, "Old College," 17-18, 31-35.

100. Wilmington Evening Journal, August 9, 1916, in Lewis, Delaware University Archives, item 1833-10.

101. Manlove Hayes, "Reminiscences," ibid., 1833-9.

102. Deposited by the Home Insurance Company, successor, in the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, and reproduced, with description by W.N. Pendleton, surveyor, in Meisel, "Old College," 55-58.

103. William D. Lewis, University of Delaware, 33.

104. Laws of Delaware, 6:61-71, 202-3.

105. Ibid., 5:278-80; 6:555-56.

106. Academy minutes, September 20, 1832.

107. Petition read in Senate on January 11, 1833, Legislative Papers.

108. Laws of Delaware, 8:283-86.

109. Senate Journal, January 11, 25, 26; February 4, 6, 7, 1833.

110. Laws of Delaware, 8:283-86.

111. John A. Munroe, "Willard Hall," Delaware History, XI (1964), 36-39.