UpDate - Vol. 12, No. 9, Page 1                        
October 29, 1992                                       
Sen. Biden returns to campus during United Nations week
                                                       
     U.S. Sen. Joseph R. Biden Jr. (D-Del.), a member of the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee since 1972, said last Thursday he did not
understand the importance of collective security for the nations of
the world until he graduated from the University of Delaware in 1965.
     In a speech celebrating United Nations Week, Biden said professor
emeritus Leroy Bennett and other political science professors who 
taught him were wise to espouse the value of the United Nations as a
valuable peacekeeping tool.                                  
     Meeting with world leaders, Biden said he has "on more than one
occasion, been brought back in my mind to classes I took with Dr. 
Bennett," a man Biden called "well ahead of his time."       
     In his speech in Clayton Hall, "On the Threshold of the New World
Order: A Rebirth for the United Nations," Biden said the world's
leaders must adopt a new understanding of security. "Collective
security today must encompass not only the security of nations," he
said, "but also mankind's security in a global environment that has
proven vulnerable to debilitating changes wrought by man's own
endeavors.                                                   
     "Thus, in setting an American agenda for a new world order, we
must begin with a profound alteration in traditional thought," he 
said.                                                        
     Speaking to about 150 faculty and students, Biden said the United
States should "buttress stable democracy in the former Soviet empire"
and "champion the cause of democracy in China."              
     Biden criticized President George Bush's Soviet policies, saying
the "administration, if not absent, has been little more than an
onlooker."                                                   
     The senator said the United States should deliver more  
"educational and professional" assistance to the countries of the 
former Soviet Union. The goal, he said, must be to "foster the
conditions and institutions necessary for a free economy and a free
body politic to thrive."                                     
     Very little money would be needed from the American government to
make great strides toward assisting in the privatization of the former
Soviet Union, Biden said.                                    
     Together with other nations, the United States could help
stabilize the currencies now used in the independent Soviet countries,
he said. Other efforts could be aimed at establishing legal codes for
business practice, taxation and property ownership, he said. 
     Biden said the collapse of communism and the end of the Cold War
also give the United States an opportunity to slash the number of 
nuclear weapons now available. He said the START treaty ratified by
the Senate early in October limits Russia and the United States to
possessing no more than 9,000 nuclear warheads each, but said "more
dramatic progress" could be made to reduce the nuclear threat.
     "We should seek a steady, mutual draw-down to a ceiling of no
more than 500 warheads (per side)," he said.                 
     Representatives of the United Nations should be used to monitor 
the dismantling of the weapons, he said. "We should cut the Gordian
knot of difficult dismantlement by acting immediately to sequester all
warheads to be eliminated," he suggested.                    
     Biden also advocated a global ban on the production of  
weapons-grade missile material and a comprehensive test ban treaty for
all countries with nuclear capabilities. He said the United States and
other countries should commit military forces to exclusive use by the
United Nations' Security Council, which would enforce nuclear
agreements.                                                  
     Since the United States is a permanent member of the council,
with the power to veto multinational military action, Biden said there
is no risk of having Americans troops drawn into conflicts the
government does not wish to join.                            
     Biden stressed that, if nuclear containment efforts fail, the
United States "must be able to use force to stop rogue nations like
North Korea" from collecting additional weapons of mass destruction.
     The "new world order" also should include a new role for NATO, he
said.                                                        
     "NATO should abandon its anachronistic posture-the defense of
allied territory against direct attack-to make a great leap forward
and adopt peace-keeping outside NATO territory as a formal alliance
mission," he said.                                           
     Biden also attacked Bush's handling of human rights' violations
in China, as well as his environmental record.               
     "The president has opposed every congressional effort to impose
serious sanctions or even link trade to more reasonable Chinese
policies on human rights and the sale of dangerously destabilizing
arms," he said.                                              
     "No one can expect that trade sanctions against Beijing would
yield a sudden transformation of that regime. But American foreign
policy should leave no doubt-and the Bush administration has left much
doubt- that the United States stands squarely on the side of China's
brave and aspiring democrats-to whom power will ultimately flow." 
     Of President Bush's refusal to sign treaties at the United
Nations' Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Biden said, "Our blunder was
both tactical and strategic."                                
     "For the United States, it should become a paramount priority to
promote American environmental technologies and services around the
world," he said. "We do not, despite what the president or anyone else
may say, have to choose between jobs and the environment."   
     In a question-and-answer period following the speech, one
audience member drew applause for suggesting that Biden would make a
good secretary of state if Bill Clinton wins the presidential
election. Biden said he was flattered but did not think he would
receive such an appointment.                                 
                                        -Stephen Steenkamer