Undergraduate Courses

Art History Undergraduates at Old College

Undergraduate Course Descriptions

ARTH101
Visual Culture
3 credits
Explores the ways we make, perceive, and experience images and artifacts. Students will hone their skills in seeing, analyzing historical models, and critically engaging in discussions of visual art and material cultures in selected eras and civilizations around the world.

ARTH150
Monuments and Methods in the History of Art
3 credits
Painting, sculpture, and architecture studied as artistic and cultural expressions of their times. Emphasis on selected major artists, monuments, and methods of analysis.

ARTH151
Myth, Religion, and Art
3 credits
An introduction to the study of mythical and religious images, types, attributes, and symbols on a comparative basis from many ages throughout the world. Includes representations of deities, heroes, and heroines, as well as images with supernatural powers and satirical images.

ARTH153
Introduction to Art History: Pyramids to Cathedrals
3 credits
Survey of art and architecture from the ancient world through the Middle Ages studied in historical and cultural contexts. Topics include: Egyptian pyramids, ancient Greek and Roman monuments, and medieval manuscripts and cathedrals.

ARTH154
Introduction to Art History: Renaissance to Modern
3 credits
Art and architecture from 1300 to the present studied in historical and cultural context. Topics include art and illusion, the altarpiece, portraiture, the nude, print culture, the changing image of the artist, photography, Impressionism, art and politics, Pop Art, and performance.
RESTRICTIONS: Usually offered in Spring semester.

ARTH156
Rome: From Caesar to Fellini
3 credits
Investigates Rome from antiquity to the twentieth century focusing on art and architecture, archaeology, film, literature, urban planning, law, social history, religion, and politics.

ARTH158
Rulers' Images: Antiquity to the Present
3 credits
Detailed study of selected rulers from Alexander the Great to American presidents, as presented in both visual and textual sources. Analyze widely differing historical rulers and sources. Explore methods of analysis and interpretive strategies applicable to the images of modern rulers.

ARTH162
History of Architecture
3 credits
Survey of major buildings and settlement patterns as cultural expressions, ranging from antiquity to the present day. Lectures contextualize architectural and urban achievements in social, economic, political, religious, and technological terms.

ARTH163
Architecture in Global Contexts
3 credits
Concepts of architecture, with case studies drawn from various world regions ranging from prehistoric times to the present. Understanding the role of architecture in human society and how it has shaped human history. Study of physical and cultural dimensions of architecture in different parts of the world and learn how to place their varieties in global contexts.

ARTH166
Special Problem
1-3 credits

ARTH198
Studies in World Art and Architecture
3 credits
Monuments and artworks of the world, studied in a comparative and/or cross-cultural perspective. Topics highlight global cultural diversity in the history of art and architecture.
RESTRICTIONS: May be repeated for credit twice when topics vary.

ARTH199
Topics in Art History
3 credits
An introduction to great artists and their masterpieces. Topics change with each time of offering. Specific topics may focus on a crucial moment in history, or on a particular theme explored throughout the ages.
RESTRICTIONS: May be repeated for credit twice when topics vary.

ARTH202
Biblical and Classical Literature
3 credits
Study of Greek, Roman, and Biblical literatures, set in their mythical, historical, and cultural contexts, introducing appropriate critical concepts.
PREREQ: ENGL110.
Cross-listed with ENGL202, FLLT202, and JWST202.

ARTH203
Art of the Black and African Diaspora
3 credits
Through the art and architecture of the Atlantic and Indian Oceans, introduces the art of African Heritage peoples after the early fifteenth century and indicates what connects them (and what separates them) in terms of subject matter, style, representational mode, and critique.

ARTH204
Architecture and Power in Africa
3 credits
Explores architecture in Africa as a representation both of political power and social/religious complexity. Architecture's relationship to art forms a component of course content. Always regionally focused, lectures vary by semester among these five zones: West Africa and the Maghreb, the Sahel (West Africa and East Africa), East Africa and the Nile Valley, Southern Africa, and Central Africa.
Cross-listed with BAMS203.

ARTH205
Science and the Detection of Art Forgeries
3 credits
Concepts from many scientific disciplines are useful for interpreting works of art. Analytical techniques based on those concepts often reveal art forgeries. Case studies will use basic scientific principles to investigate a wide variety of known or alleged art forgeries.

ARTH206
Introduction to Art and Architecture in Africa
3 credits
Explores the art history of the African continent from before Antiquity to the twenty-first century, surveying a diversity of media including rock art, sculpture, painting, and photography. Traverses the vastness of Africa's ethnic, historical, and climatic richness thematized in terms of African comologies, divinatory practices, histories of state formation, concepts of ancestry, colonialism, slavery, sensuality, revolution, and performance.

ARTH207
Art of Ancient Egypt and the Near East
3 credits
Survey of the art and architecture of ancient Egypt and the Near East. Emphasis on the relationship of art to religion, politics, and ritual. Topics include Egyptian pyramids and the after-life, images of kings and the art of propaganda, and art in the service of religion.

ARTH208
Greek and Roman Art
3 credits
Introduction to the art and architecture of ancient Greece and Italy. Emphasis on the meanings of art in political, religious, and social contexts in the cities of Athens, Rome, and Pompeii. Topics include the ancient Olympic Games, funerary monuments, and everyday life.

ARTH209
Early Medieval Art, 200-1000 A.D.
3 credits
Painting, sculpture, and architecture in Europe and the Near East. Surveys the earliest Christian art as well as Byzantine, Early Islamic, Anglo-Saxon, and Carolingian art.

ARTH210
Later Medieval Art, 1000-1400 A.D.
3 credits
Painting, sculpture, and architecture of the Christian world, treating later Byzantine, Romanesque, and Gothic artistic traditions in their historical and cultural contexts. Development of a distinctively European art and society.

ARTH213
Art of the Northern Renaissance
3 credits
Covers late medieval devotional images to the art of the early modern cities (1400-1570), especially in the Netherlands and Germany. Special emphasis on Jan van Eyck, Rogier van der Weyden, Albrecht Dürer, and Pieter Bruegel.

ARTH217
Renaissance Art in a Global Perspective: The 1400s
3 credits
Surveys the main artistic developments and cross-cultural exchanges in fifteenth-century European art and architecture. Topics include: the Search for Antiquity; Naturalism and Illusion; Guilds and Workshops; Humanism and the Arts; Public and Private Devotions; Courtly Magnificence; the Peripatetic Artist; and Looking East.

ARTH218
Renaissance Art in a Global Perspective: The 1500s
3 credits
Surveys the main artistic developments and cross-cultural exchanges in sixteenth-century European art. Topics include: the Splendors of Rome; the Crisis of the Image; Imitation and Competition; New Artistic Genres; the Genius of the Artist; Courtly Collectors; and the Age of Discovery.

ARTH219
Art of the Italian Renaissance
3 credits
Surveys major artistic centers, personalities, and stylistic trends in Italy from the fourteenth to the sixteenth century. Special emphasis on Giotto, Donatello, Mantegna, Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael, and Titian. Painting and sculptures discussed in relation to techniques, systems of production, patronage, and crucial historical events.

ARTH220
Italian Renaissance Architecture
3 credits
Italian architecture and cities from the fourteenth to the sixteenth centuries. Emphasis on the socio-economic, intellectual, and cultural context of Renaissance architecture. Focuses on architects such as Brunelleschi, Alberti, Michelangelo, and Palladio and cities such as Florence, Rome, and Venice.

ARTH222
Baroque Art
3 credits
Seventeenth-century European painting, sculpture, and architecture in its social-historical context. Emphasis on such major artists as Caravaggio, Bernini, Rubens, Rembrandt, Vermeer, Poussin, and Velasquez. Discussion of the rise of genre, still-life, and landscape painting, as well as the role of patronage.

ARTH225
Eighteenth-Century Art
3 credits
Examines major trends and artists in eighteenth-century European painting, sculpture, and architecture in the framework of the social, ideological, and cultural currents of the time. Artists such as Watteau, Hogarth, Blake, Chardin, Canova, David, and Goya.

ARTH227
Modern Art: The Nineteenth Century
3 credits
Art, architecture, and visual culture, 1785-1900, including Neoclassicism, Romanticism, Realism, Impressionism, and Symbolism, and topics such as the city, landscape, world's fairs, colonialism, changing concepts of vision, new technologies, and new mediums (prints, photography, posters, early cinema).

ARTH228
Modern Art since 1900
3 credits
Modern art from 1900 to the present considered globally and studied in its social and historical context, including painting, collage, sculpture, photography, performance, installation, institutional critique, and time-based media.

ARTH229
Contemporary Art
3 credits
Explores recent art and artists from around the world, investigating socio-historical forces and effects of contemporary modes of production, distribution, and consumption within the art market. New artistic practices like installation, new media, and performance are studied along with traditional media.

ARTH230
American Art, 1607-1865
3 credits
Architecture, painting, sculpture, and the decorative arts of the United States from the first Colonial settlements to the Civil War. American art examined in the light of its political, social, economic, and religious background and in relationship to European art.

ARTH231
American Art, 1865-Present
3 credits
Architecture, painting, sculpture, photography, and decorative arts in the United States from the Civil War on. American art in a political, social, economic, and cultural framework. The rise of the United States to a position of global power and emergence as an international artistic center.

ARTH232
Art of Latin America
3 credits
Survey of art and architecture in Latin America from pre-Hispanic times to the twenty-first century. Emphasis on the interaction between native traditions and imported ideas, particularly in relationship to religion, politics, and daily life.

ARTH233
Art and Architecture in China
3 credits
Through examination of art, architecture, and archaeology, approaches China as an historical and cultural unit. Emphasis on archeological sites, artifacts, art objects, and architecture in China, with additional materials from nearby regions. Thematic coverage of Chinese history, from neolithic sites to buildings in the twentieth century. Interdisciplinary approach.

ARTH236
Arts of the Islamic World
3 credits
Formation and diffusion of a distinctive artistic tradition from the eighth to the sixteenth century. Considers architecture, painting, metalwork, and other media, especially in the Mediterranean world and western Asia.

ARTH237
Art of Tibet
3 credits
Survey of Tibetan art including sculpture, paintings, textiles, jewelry, ritual objects, architecture, and ephemeral art. Emphasis on relationship of art to religious and philosophical tenets of Buddhist and Bon-po traditions, development of regional styles in Tibet, and artistic connections to northern India, Nepal, and China.

ARTH238
Islamic Architecture of Africa: Cairo to Timbuktu
3 credits
A survey of architectural dialogues in and across the Sahara (North and West Africa) in the ninth through the twentieth centuries. Includes introduction to philosophical texts and to Muslim travelers' memoirs in relation to buildings as congregations of space and visual representation.

ARTH239
Art and Architecture of Europe
3-12 credits
Primary focus on painting, sculpture, and architecture in Europe from the Romanesque to the Modern eras. Subject matter determined by country in which overseas program is conducted.
RESTRICTIONS: Offered only in conjunction with a study abroad program. May be repeated for credit three times when topics vary.

ARTH242
Woman as Image and Imagemaker
3 credits
Analyzes the depiction of women in art from prehistory to the present in light of recent feminist studies. Topics correspond with particular periods in history. Each class includes a brief discussion of women artists and their works.
Cross-listed with WOMS242.

ARTH243
American Decorative Arts, 1700-1900
3 credits
An introduction to interior decoration and household arts during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, with an emphasis on furniture, metalwork, glass, ceramics, textiles, prints, and wallpaper. Field trips to Winterthur and the Delaware Art Museum are required.
Cross-listed with MCST243

ARTH244
American Architecture
3 credits
Survey of American architecture from the colonial period to the present day. Lectures and assignments balance cultural themes with detailed discussion of masterworks of American architecture and urbanism.

ARTH245
The American Home
3 credits
Explores the history and design of the most intimate and public of objects--the house. Our residences are powerful statements about how we see ourselves and how we perceive others. Includes a variety of cultural experiences and investigates the significance of those experiences.

ARTH248
African American Art
3 credits
Survey of the fine arts produced by people of African descent in the United States. Explores issues regarding identity and aesthetics with a focus on their negotiation of the art world given its history of racial exclusion.
PREREQ: ARTH230 or ARTH231 are highly recommended.

ARTH249
Art and Architecture in Context
3 credits
Painting, sculpture, and architecture studied as artistic and cultural expressions of their times.
RESTRICTIONS: Taught only in Study Abroad Program. May be repeated for credit three times when topic vary.

ARTH298
Global Modernism
3 credits
Surveys the twentieth-century development of modern architecture in various Western and non-Western countries around the world. Emphasis on the encounter of new materials and methods of construction with more traditional techniques, and the symbolic use of architecture to articulate political and cultural identities.

ARTH299
Modern Architecture
3 credits
Introduction to architecture of modern periods. Focuses from the eighteenth century to the present. Examines classical texts, rising ideas, and major debates in the field of modern architecture, and explores various connotations of modernity and modernism that have emerged during the past three hundred years around the world. Interdisciplinary approach.

ARTH301
Research and Methodology in Art History
3 credits
Methods and major approaches to advanced art historical study, together with the practical aspects of research and work in art historical professions, such as education, historic preservation, museums, and galleries. Experience with original works of art.

ARTH302
Prints and Society
3 credits
A social history of prints and printmaking techniques, focusing on such major printmakers as Dürer, Rembrandt, Piranesi, Goya, Daumier, and Picasso. Topics include the role of woodcuts in popular culture, political and satirical prints, posters and advertising, and the connoisseurship of original prints.

ARTH303
Art of the Iberian World, 1400-1800
3 credits
The art of Spain and its New World territories from the fifteenth to the eighteenth centuries. Emphasis on the negotiation between different artistic and religious traditions in both the Iberian Peninsula (Christian, Muslim, and Jewish) and the Spanish and Portuguese colonies in the Americas (European, African, and Native American). Topics vary. Examples: Art and Religion in the Iberian World; Art and Conquest in the Iberian World; Art of the Spanish Renaissance.
RESTRICTIONS: May be repeated for credit once when topics vary.

ARTH304
Northern Baroque Art: The Age of Rubens, Rembrandt, and Vermeer
3 credits
Painting, printmaking, and art theory in seventeenth-century Holland and Flanders in social and historical context. Examines the rise of landscape, genre, and portraiture, the nature of Dutch realism, the social role of the artist, art and theater, and the impact of religion on art.

ARTH305
Italian Baroque Art: Metaphor and Marvel
3 credits
Painting, sculpture, and architecture from the time of Caravaggio and the Carracci to Bernini and Cortona. Examines topics such as the Counter-Reformation and its impact on the arts, the rise of naturalism and illusionism, the design process and the function of drawings, theatricality and rhetoric.

ARTH307
Monet to Picasso: Art in France, 1860-1910
3 credits
Art and visual culture in France, 1860-1910. Topics include Impressionism, Symbolism, the avant-garde, women artists, public art, bohemianism, exhibitions, colonialism, primitivism, mass culture, photography, and early cinema. Artists include Manet, Monet, Cézanne, Morisot, Seurat, Van Gogh, Gauguin, Vuillard, Bonnard, Rodin, Matisse, and Picasso.

ARTH310
The Role of the Artist in Society
3 credits
Explores changing ideas of the artist from medieval craftsman and Renaissance courtier to Romantic genius and modern revolutionary. Topics include self-portraiture, notions of artistic temperament and genius, women artists, and artists' changing relations with their clients.

ARTH311
Women, Society, and the Arts
3 credits
Focuses on the role of women in art and society throughout the ages. Interdisciplinary and feminist readings emphasize a variety of approaches. Topics vary. Examples: Women in Antiquity, Renaissance Women, etc.
RESTRICTIONS: May be repeated for credit once when topics vary.
Cross-listed with WOMS311.

ARTH314
Seminar: Shops and Shopping
3 credits
Historical overview of the spaces and practices of shopping in Europe and North America.

ARTH318
History of Photography
3 credits
History and aesthetics of photography from its beginnings to the present. Emphasis on photography as artistic expression, the importance of technology and photography in relation to the other arts and social history.

ARTH319
Photography in the United States
3 credits
Explores the cultural and scientific histories of photography in the United States beginning with the introduction of daguerreotype in 1839. Topics include photography and portraiture, Civil War, western exploration, Pictorialism, and early modernism. Emphasizes study and identification of original photographic materials through introduction to historic photographic processes and materials, such as the ambrotype, tintype, stereograph, and Pictorialist techniques of negative and print manipulation.

ARTH321
Great Cities of the World
3 credits
Focus on a single city over time or in a specific historical moment. Looks at art, architecture, and/or material culture. Topics vary. Examples: Nineteenth-Century Paris, Ancient Pompeii, Florence under the Medici, Mexico City ca. 1521.

ARTH322
Introduction to Historic Preservation
3 credits
Examines a specific research issue within historic preservation, including hypothesis construction, design of research methodology, and evaluation of results.

ARTH325
Sculpture in the United States
3 credits
History of sculpture in the U.S. from the eighteenth century to the present. Lectures and discussion explore sculptural techniques and production; styles, iconographies, and functions; and cultural issues such as space, iconoclasm, and memory.

ARTH334
Cairo: Architecture and Revolution
3 credits
Course explores the history of Cairo from its founding to the present, paying attention especially to the nature and form of urban space in relation to architecture, as the background to and index of massive social change through time.

ARTH338
Mayan Art and Architecture
3 credits
Introduction to the civilization of the Maya as evident in the Yucatan Peninsula. Incorporates visits to relevant archeological zones. Examines the geographical framework that shaped the development of Mayan culture, political and economic organizations, art, architecture, ideology, and history.
RESTRICTIONS: Offered abroad only.
Cross-listed with ANTH328.

ARTH366
Independent Study
1-6 credits

ARTH399
Topics in Art History
3 credits
Detailed investigation in a lecture rather than a seminar format of varying topics, e.g., Saint Denis and Problems of 12th-Century Art.

ARTH402
Undergraduate Seminar in the History of Art
1-4 credits
Emphasis on art historical reading and research. Student oral reports. Recent seminar topics include Art and Religion in Latin America, Caravaggio, Art of the African Diaspora, and Renaissance Rome.
RESTRICTIONS: For undergraduates only. May be repeated for credit when topics vary.

ARTH403
History, Philosophy, Functions, and Future of Museums
3 credits
Introduction to philosophy, purposes, structure, historical development, and future of museums, and botanical and zoological gardens. Examines functions of collection, conservation, research, exhibition/interpretation, and social/cultural services; museum field growth.
Cross-listed with MSST403 and HIST403.

ARTH405
Seminar in Greek and Roman Art
3 credits
The art and architecture of antiquity from the origins of Greek civilization to the fall of Rome. Recent topics include Art in the Everyday Life of Ancient Romans, Hellenistic Greek Sculpture, Late Roman Portraiture, and Roman Architecture.
RESTRICTIONS: May be repeated for credit when topics vary.

ARTH406
Seminar in Medieval Art
3-12 credits
The art of Europe from the fall of Rome to the late Gothic period. Recent topics include The Court of Charlemagne, Early Irish and Anglo-Saxon Art, and Saint Denis and the Origins of Gothic Architecture.
PREREQ: ARTH209 or ARTH210.
RESTRICTIONS: May be repeated for credit when topics vary.

ARTH413
Seminar in Renaissance Art and Architecture
3 credits
Renaissance art from 1300 to 1600. Recent topics include The Renaissance Villa, and Art in the Age of Exploration.
RESTRICTIONS: May be repeated for credit when topics vary.

ARTH414
Seminar in Italian Renaissance Architecture
3 credits
Italian architecture from 1300 to 1600. Recent topics include Renaissance Villas and Gardens, Brunelleschi and Alberti, Roman Architecture in the Age of Michelangelo, and Palladio.
PREREQ: ARTH220.
RESTRICTIONS: May be repeated for credit when topics vary.

ARTH415
Seminar in Italian Baroque Art
3-12 credits
Painting, sculpture, and architecture in Italy in the seventeenth century. Recent topics include Bernini and Roman Baroque Sculpture, Seicento Poetics and Imagery, and Caravaggio.
RESTRICTIONS: May be repeated for credit when topics vary.

ARTH417
Seminar in Northern Baroque Art
3-12 credits
Painting, printmaking, and art theory in seventeenth-century Holland and Flanders in social and historical context. Recent topics include The Artist's Studio, Dutch Painting and Technical Art History, Rembrandt and Dutch Art, and Netherlands after Iconoclasm.
RESTRICTIONS: May be repeated for credit when topics vary.

ARTH419
Seminar in Art of the Iberian World, 1400-1800
3 credits
Explore the arts of the Iberian Peninsula and the Spanish and Portuguese colonies from 1400 to 1800. Topics vary. Seminars may focus on particular artists, or on broader historical and/or methodological issues dealing with artistic production, reception, and circulation within the Spanish empire.
RESTRICTIONS: May be repeated for credit once when topics vary.

ARTH420
Seminar in African Art
3 credits
Studies recent scholarship on art and/or architecture in Africa, focusing on specific subjects such as Modern and Contemporary art, sculpture before 1500, global views and uses of African art, and art institutions in Africa.
RESTRICTIONS: Not open to freshmen.

ARTH421
Seminar in Nineteenth-Century Art
3 credits
History and theory of art, 1789-1900. Recent topics include Paris in the age of Géricault, Delacroix, and Baudelaire; Art and Ideology; Modern Art and Literature; and Modern Portraiture.
PREREQ: ARTH227 or permission of instructor.
RESTRICTIONS: May be repeated for credit when topics vary.

ARTH422
Folk and Outsider Art
3 credits
Focuses on the traditional and popular arts of the United States. Topics covered include colonial Pennsylvania-German decorative arts, Victorian Welsh gravestones, African-American textile and basketry crafts, and contemporary Inuit graphic arts. Discussions and research will focus on the relationship of folk arts to questions of ethnicity, class, popular culture, and community aesthetics.

ARTH423
Seminar in Modern Art since 1900
3 credits
Aspects of the history, aesthetics, and theories of Modern Art from 1900 to the present. Topics may include the Avant-Garde, Abstract Art, Art and Politics, High vs. Low Art, and Folk and Outsider Art.
PREREQ: ARTH227 or ARTH228 or permission of instructor.
RESTRICTIONS: May be repeated for credit three times when topics vary.

ARTH424
Seminar in Film
3 credits
Aspects of the history and aesthetics of film since the invention of synchronized sound. Topics change with each time of offering. Topics may include Classic Hollywood Film, Gender and Film, Film Noir, Independent Film, and Global Cinema.
PREREQ: ARTH227 or ARTH318.
RESTRICTIONS: May be repeated for credit three times when topics vary.

ARTH425
Silent Cinema
3 credits
Examination of the invention, emergence, and development of silent cinema in Europe, the former USSR, and the United States. Includes study of significant films and filmmakers; social, cultural, and artistic contexts; and the critical literature.
PREREQ: ARTH227 or ARTH228.

ARTH427
Seminar in the History of Photography
3 credits
Aspects of the history and aesthetics of photography. Topics change with each time of offering. Topics may include Photography and Art, Documentary Photography, Photography and Criticism, Photography and Race, and Vernacular Photography.
PREREQ: ARTH227 or ARTH228 or ARTH230 or ARTH231 or ARTH318.
RESTRICTIONS: May be repeated for credit three times when topics vary.

ARTH429
Seminar in Modern Architecture
3-12 credits
Architecture in Europe and/or America from 1750 to the present. Recent topics include the Architecture of Neoclassicism; and Sullivan, Wright, and the Prairie School.
RESTRICTIONS: May be repeated for credit when topics vary.

ARTH431
Seminar in American Architecture
3-12 credits
American architecture from the Colonies to the present. Recent topics include Architecture of the Colonial and Federal Periods, Nineteenth-Century American Architecture, and Philadelphia Architecture.
RESTRICTIONS: May be repeated for credit when topics vary.

ARTH435
Seminar in American Art
3-12 credits
American art from the Colonies to the present. Recent topics include Art and Revolution in Early America, Early American Modernism, and American Painting and Sculpture after World War II.
RESTRICTIONS: May be repeated for credit when topics vary.
Cross-listed with MCST435.

ARTH440
Seminar in Latin American Art
3 credits
The arts of Latin America from pre-Hispanic times to the twenty-first century. Topics change with each time of offering. Recent topics include Art and Religion in Latin America, and Art and Conquest in the New World.
RESTRICTIONS: May be repeated for credit when topics vary.

ARTH445
Seminar in East Asian Art and Architecture
3 credits
Art, architecture, and archaeology of China, Japan, and/or Korea. Materials from nearby regions may also be included. Possible topics include Chinese Art and Collecting, Modern Architecture in East Asia, Meiji Art and Architecture, and East Asian Archaeology and Nationalism.

ARTH456
Seminar in Contemporary Architecture
3 credits
Contemporary architecture from around the world. Topics include Contemporary Architecture, Cross-cultural Dialogues, and Transnational Practices. Discover theories of postcolonialism and postmodernism to discuss aesthetic forms and concepts in the most recent architectural design projects.

ARTH457
Survey of African Art
3 credits
Major African art styles, their interrelationships, the context of usage, and the meanings of African artworks.
Cross-listed with ANTH457.

ARTH464
Internship in Art History
1-3 credits
Receive on-the-job experience and explore potential occupational areas at a museum or other art-related venue, under joint supervision of the Department of Art History and sponsoring organization(s). Completion of journal of activities and/or final academic project or paper.
RESTRICTIONS: Requires pre-approval of instructor and/or Department's Director of Undergraduate Studies. Does not count as a 400-level seminar and does not fulfill an area requirement. Does not count towards the 33 credits in Art History required to majors.

ARTH466
Independent Study
1-6 credits

ARTH480
Studio in the Materials and Techniques of Drawing in the West
3 credits
Lecture-studio presentation on materials and tools, supports, and techniques of wet and dry media drawing in the West from about the year 1400 to the present. Topics include the development and manufacture of paper, pens, brushes, inks, watercolor paint, charcoal, metal points, graphite pencils, natural and fabricated chalks, crayons, pastels, erasers, and fixatives. Studio reconstructions of masterworks, lectures, and library research.
RESTRICTIONS: Requires permission of instructor.
Cross-listed with ARTC480.

ARTH488
Studio Materials and Techniques of Painting I
3 credits
Major masters and the materials, tools, supports, and techniques of architectural painting and panel painting in tempera from about 1500 B.C. to A.D. 1500. Topics include true fresco and egg tempera painting. Studio reconstructions, lectures, and library research.
RESTRICTIONS: Requires permission of instructor.
Cross-listed with ARTC488.

ARTH489
Studio Materials and Techniques of Painting II
3 credits
Major masters and the materials, tools, and techniques of indirect and direct oil painting. Time frame: 1500 to the present. Major topics include the development of canvas, brushes, oil paint, mediums, varnishes, solvents, and the complex relationship between indirect and direct techniques. Includes studio reconstruction of masterworks, lectures, and library research.
RESTRICTIONS: Requires permission of instructor.
Cross-listed with ARTC489.

ARTH490
Studio in the Materials and Techniques of Printmaking I
3 credits
Major masters and the materials, tools, and techniques of relief, planographic, and intaglio printmaking. Time frame: ca. 1400-1920. Major topics include woodcut, copperplate engraving, etching, drypoint, aquatint, mezzotint, lithograph, and wood engraving. Studio reconstructions, lectures, and library research.
RESTRICTIONS: Requires permission of instructor.
Cross-listed with ARTC490.